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Table 2 Development of patient HRQOL over time and by distance to death

From: Quality of life among elderly patients undergoing transcatheter or surgical aortic valve replacement– a model-based longitudinal data analysis

  Quality of life Heart function Status of assistance
  EQ-5DIndex Five EQ-5D dimensions    
  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
  EQ-5DIndex Mobility Looking after myself Doing usual activities Having pain or discomfort Feeling worried, sad or unhappy NYHA score CCS score Status of assistance
  Point estimate Odds ratios from the ordered logistic regression model
Last follow-up before death −0.495*** 85.56*** 210.2*** 79.70** 23.66*** 44.06*** 4.653 1.258 189.7***
Second last follow-up before death −0.305*** 14.40** 26.95*** 7.132* 16.94*** 15.65*** 2.042 2.203 18.08*
Third from last follow-up before death −0.221*** 11.96 23.42*** 6.753 2.672 3.567 5.171** 1.477 58.83***
Fourth from last follow-up before death −0.204*** 8.480* 10.11** 6.338 3.433 8.167** 1.807 1.911 22.58***
Fifth from last follow-up before death −0.139** 5.282 12.73** 8.027 1.384 2.331 1.169 1.247 21.37*
Sixth from last follow-up before death −0.0983* 2.033 3.203 2.902 2.918 3.273 1.464 0.996 7.387
Overall trend −0.00143 1.083*** 1.040 0.963 1.042*** 0.979 1.053*** 1.024 1.060*
Month 1 post-discharge −0.0460** 2.878*** 2.358* 2.273** 1.391 1.487 1.939** 1.197 2.652*
Constant 0.789***         
N 2294 2328 2332 2330 2330 2317 2252 2254 1980
  1. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
  2. The EQ-5DIndex is a continuous variable between 0 and 1 (0 = worst state, 1 = best state). The 5 EQ-5D dimensions as shown in Model (2) to model (6) are order categorical variables (1 = no problems, 2 = some problems, 3 = extreme problems). Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) Angina Grading Scale is an order categorical variable between 1 (angina only during strenuous or prolonged physical activity) and 4 (inability to perform any activity without angina). New York Heart Association (NYHA) Functional Classification is an order categorical variable between 1 (cardiac disease, but no symptoms and no limitation in ordinary physical activity) and 4 (severe limitations, experiences symptoms even while at rest). The current state of assistance is an order categorical variable with 1 (no external help or intra-familial help only), 2 (assisted living and/or home care services) and 3 (short or long-term care or temporal hospitalization)