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Table 1 Participant characteristics (n = 1,340)

From: Psychometric properties of the Dutch WHOQOL-OLD

Characteristic n (%)
Age, mean ± SD, range 71.0 ± 6.8, 60–95
Sex, % of men 847 (63.2)
Marital status  
 Married or cohabiting 950 (70.9)
 Single 132 (9.9)
 Divorced 73 (5.4)
 Widowed 165 (12.3)
 Living apart together 20 (1.5)
Education  
 None 90 (6.7)
 Primary 140 (10.4)
 Secondary 587 (43.8)
 Polytechnics and higher vocational training 408 (30.4)
 University 115 (8.6)
Incomea  
  ≤ €999 32 (2.7)
 €1000 - €1499 175 (14.9)
 €1500 - €1999 227 (19.3)
 €2000 - €2499 287 (24.4)
 €2500 - €2999 152 (12.9)
 €3000 - €3499 133 (11.3)
 €3500 - €3999 75 (6.4)
 €4000 - €4499 52 (4.4)
  > €4499 43 (3.7)
WHOQOL-OLD total and facets, mean ± SD, range  
 Total 91.7 ± 10.3, 57–119
 Sensory abilities 16.5 ± 2.9, 4–20
 Autonomy 15.0 ± 2.1, 7–20
 Past, present and future activities 15.2 ± 2.1, 7–20
 Social participation 15.5 ± 2.5, 6–20
 Death and dying 15.1 ± 3.2, 4–20
 Intimacy 14.3 ± 3.1, 4–20
WHOQOL-BREF domains, mean ± SD, range  
 Physical health 15.6 ± 1.6, 6.9–20
 Psychological 15.1 ± 2.1, 8–20
 Social relations 14.2 ± 2.6, 4–20
 Environmental 16.0 ± 2.1, 8–20
SF-12 summary measures, mean ± SD, range  
 Physical component summary 71.8 ± 23.9, 0–100
 Mental component summary 76.2 ± 17.9, 10–100
Frailty domains, mean ± SD, range  
 Physical 1.4 ± 1.6, 0–8
 Psychological 0.8 ± 1.0, 0–4
 Social 0.9 ± 0.9, 0–3
ESLS subscales, mean ± SD, range  
 Emotional 11.3 ± 3.8, 5–23
 Social 11.5 ± 3.2, 5–24
  1. SD Standard Deviation, SF-12 Short Form Health Survey (SF-12), TFI Tilburg Frailty Indicator, ESLS Emotional and Social Loneliness Scale
  2. a 164 missing values (12.2 %)