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Table 3 Multivariate regression analysis of predicators of quality of life of nursing home residents using CLAD model

From: Quality of life and related factors of nursing home residents in Singapore

  Comfort Dignity Food Enjoyment Autonomy Security
  Coefficients CI Coefficients CI Coefficients CI Coefficients CI Coefficients CI
Age           
  < 80 0.05 (−0.44, 0.54) 0.14 (−0.10, 0.38) 0.13 (−0.55, 0.80) 0.08 (−0.31, 0.46) 0.03 (−0.17, 0.23)
  ≥ 80           
Gender           
 Male 0.17 (−0.34, 0.69) 0.10 (−0.14, 0.34) −0.42 (−1.10, 0.26) 0.26 (−0.74, 0.21) 0.11 (−0.09, 0.31)
 Female           
Race           
 Chinese 0.47 (−0.13, 1.08) −0.06 (−0.40, 0.27) 0.04 (−0.76, 0.84) 0.58 (−0.01, 1.18) 0.13 (−0.16, 0.41)
 Non-Chinese           
Marital Status           
 With partner −0.46 (−1.11, 0.18) 0.04 (−0.25, 0.34) −0.25 (−1.19, 0.69) 0.13 (−0.51, 0.78) −0.04 (−0.30, 0.21)
 No partner           
Education           
 No or low education 0.54 (−0.01, 1.08) 0.09 (−0.17, 0.35) 0.17 (−0.36, 1.37) 0.13 (−0.33, 0.60) −0.12 (−0.34, 0.11)
 Higher education           
Religion           
 Religion 0.24 (−0.39, 0.88) −0.06 (−0.43, 0.32) −0.13 (−1.26, 0.90) 0.11 (−0.69, 0.91) −0.02 (−0.37, 0.32)
 No religion           
Length of stay           
  < 2 years 0.21 (−0.43, 0.85) −0.11 (−0.35, 0.13) 0.06 (−0.88, 1.26) −0.26 (−0.74, 0.21) 0.06 (−0.14, 0.27)
  ≥ 2 years           
Depression           
 No depression 1.67 (0.71, 2.62) 0.75 (0.26, 1.23) 1.21 (0.13, 2.51) 0.68 (0.02, 1.38) 0.48 (0.07, 0.89)
 Minor depression 1.31 (0.29, 2.33) 0.40 (−0.15, 0.95) 1.13 (0.30, 2.54) 0.43 (−0.56, 1.43) 0.31 (−0.15, 0.77)
 Major depression           
Comorbidities           
  < 3 −0.16 (−0.66, 0.33) −0.09 (−0.35, 0.17) 0.13 (−0.27, 1.37) 0.04 (−0.41, 0.48) −0.17 (−0.39, 0.04)
  ≥ 3           
ADL status           
 Independent in 0–3 ADLs −0.32 (−0.80, 0.16) −0.16 (−0.40, 0.07) −0.08 (−0.80, 0.34) −0.32 (−0.80, −0.16) −0.19 (−0.38, 0.01)
 Independent in 4–6 ADLs           
AMT score           
 AMT ≤6 −0.10 (−0.54, 0.34) 0.07 (−0.18, 0.31) −0.42 (−1.06, −0.13) −0.06 (−0.50, 0.38) 0.14 (−0.07, 0.34)
 AMT >6           
Social contact           
 With social contact −0.33 (−0.96, 0.31) 0.01 (−0.29, 0.31) 0.29 (−0.46, 1.04) 0.08 (−0.51, 0.66) 0.02 (−0.24, 0.27)
 No or lack of social contact           
History of being restrained           
 Yes −0.42 (−1.12, 0.27) −0.03 (−0.40, 0.33) −0.25 (1.15, −0.44) −0.17 (−0.96, 0.62) −0.14 (−0.47, 0.18)
 No           
History of falls           
 Yes −0.27 (−0.87, 0.27) −0.19 (−0.48, 0.09) 0.08 (−0.34, 1.01) 0.25 (−0.23, 0.72) 0.04 (−0.20, 0.28)
 No           
Difficulty in communication with staff           
 No difficulty −0.12 (−0.80, 0.57) 0.95 (0.60, 1.29) 0.21 (−0.84, 1.31) 0.81 (0.24, 1.38) 0.50 (0.20, 0.80)
 Difficulty           
Nursing homes           
 1 −0.50 (−1.36, 0.36) −0.69 (−1.10, −0.27) −0.71 (−2.02, 0.60) 0.43 (−0.38, 1.25) 0.10 (−0.23, 0.44)
 2 0.08 (−0.84, 0.99) −0.09 (−0.52, 0.34) −0.13 (−1.43, 1.18) 0.57 (−0.21, 1.35) −0.09 (−0.43, 0.26)
 3 0.50 (−0.78, 0.88) −0.36 (−0.74, −0.02) −0.33 (−1.43, 0.76) −0.31 (−0.99, 0.38) 0.13 (−0.21, 0.46)
 4 −0.46 (−1.30, 0.37) −0.19 (−0.62, 0.24) −0.38 (−1.65, 0.90) 0.69 (0.15, 1.28) −0.02 (−0.35, 0.32)
 5 −0.41 (−1.27, 0.44) −0.04 (−0.46, 0.38) 0.08 (−1.20, 1.37) 0.30 (−0.41, 1.02) 0.21 (−0.13, 0.55)
 6           
Pseudo R2 0.081   0.107   0.082   0.131   0.124  
  1. CLAD censored least absolute deviations, CI confidence interval. Boldness indicates statistically significant difference at p<0.05