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Table 1 Characteristics of the study sample and reference groups

From: Child maltreatment and quality of life: a study of adolescents in residential care

  Adolescents in RYC reporting exposure to maltreatment Adolescents in RYC reporting no exposure to maltreatment General population
Number 237 98 1017
Age (years)
 Mean (SD) 17.0 (1.31) 16.5 (1.30) 14.1 (1.02)
 Range 12–20 12–19 12–17
Sex
 Girls 64.6 % 43.9 % 49.5 %
Mean number of placements out of family home 3.6 2.9  
Mean age at first placement, years 12.8 12.0  
Witnessing violence 38.4 % 0 %  
Victim of physical violence, family 54.4 % 0 %  
Victim of physical violence, community 34.2 % 0 %  
Sexual abuse 37.6 % 0 %  
Household dysfunction 66.7 % 46.9 %  
>1 type of childhood adversitya 66.2 % 0 %  
  1. Note: a Types of adversities defined by witnessing violence, victim of family violence, sexual abuse, household dysfunction