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Table 4 Estimated changes from 20 to 23 years in scores for ASEBA Adult Self-Report and Short Form 36 Health Survey

From: Long-term follow-up of mental health, health-related quality of life and associations with motor skills in young adults born preterm with very low birth weight

  VLBW (n = 49) Control (n = 83)  
  B (95 % CI) p-value B (95 % CI) p-value p-value (age x group)b
Adult Self-Report
 Critical items 0.73 (-0.47 to 1.93) 0.228 −0.38 (-1.42 to 0.66) 0.470 0.167
 Internalizing problems 4.94 (1.63 to 6.24) 0.001 0.40 (-1.67 to 2.46) 0.704 0.025
 Externalizing problems 1.87 (0.02 to 3.71) 0.047 −0.45 (-2.08 to 1.18) 0.583 0.064
 Total problems 9.00 (3.30 to 14.71) 0.002 −1.35 (-6.46 to 3.76) 0.600 0.009
Short Form 36 Health Survey a
 Physical component summary −2.94 (-4.83 to -1.06) 0.003 0.46 (-1.39 to 2.30) 0.623 0.012
 Mental component summary −4.37 (-7.07 to -1.67) 0.002 0.08 (-2.57 to 2.73) 0.952 0.022
  1. aData missing for one control participant at both time-points
  2. bp-value for between-group differences in longitudinal changes from 20 to 23 years
  3. ASEBA = Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment, VLBW = very low birth weight, CI = confidence interval
  4. Regression coefficient B per 3 years, in a linear mixed models with scores as dependent variables, and age, group and age x group as independent variables