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Table 3 Results of the Short Form 36 Health Survey at 23 years

From: Long-term follow-up of mental health, health-related quality of life and associations with motor skills in young adults born preterm with very low birth weight

  VLBW (n = 35) VLBW (n = 25) without CP and/or low IQest Control (n = 35)
  Mean (SD) p-value vs control Mean (SD) p-value vs control Mean (SD)
Domains
 Physical functioning 90.4 (13.6) 0.018 94.6 (8.3) 0.286 96.6 (5.9)
 Role-physical 80.0 (30.8) 0.005 86.0 (24.0) 0.051 96.4 (10.7)
 Bodily pain 68.7 (28.3) 0.022 74.5 (23.8) 0.193 82.0 (18.3)
 General health 72.1 (18.9) 0.260 70.5 (18.5) 0.477 66.8 (20.0)
 Vitalitya 49.2 (14.2) 0.091 50.5 (13.7) 0.227 54.9 (13.2)
 Social functioning 86.1 (16.5) 0.025 88.5 (13.0) 0.099 94.3 (13.3)
 Role-emotional 78.1 (33.3) 0.012 82.7 (29.1) 0.069 95.2 (20.0)
 Mental healtha 70.6 (16.8) 0.067 73.4 (14.1) 0.272 77.4 (13.2)
 Physical component summarya 47.8 (5.9) 0.009 49.4 (5.2) 0.160 51.2 (4.1)
 Mental component summarya 45.2 (8.4) 0.013 46.6 (7.4) 0.087 49.7 (6.4)
  1. aData missing for one control participant
  2. Domain scores are given in percentage (range 0–100) and higher scores indicate better health-related quality of life
  3. Component summaries are given as T-scores with average of 50 points and a standard deviation of 10 points
  4. VLBW = very low birth weight, CP = cerebral palsy, IQ est  = estimated intelligence quotient
  5. Analyses performed with Students t-test