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Table 3 Adjusted HRQoL mean scoresa, according to the frailty groups at 3 months and 6 months

From: Frail older adults with minor fractures show lower health-related quality of life (SF-12) scores up to six months following emergency department discharge

  Mean
(95 % CI)
Standard of Error P value
Physical Component Summary SF-12 scoreb
3 monthsc
- Very fit--well 60.9 (57.0–64.8) 2.0  
- Well + comorbid--Apparently vulnerable 62.4 (58.1–66.7) 2.2 0.6
- Mildly frail--Moderately frail 49.2 (42.1–56.5) 3.7 0.005
6 months
- Very fit--well 61.1 (57.6–64.8) 1.8  
- Well + comorbid--Apparently vulnerable 57.5 (52.6–62.5) 2.5 0.2
- Mildly frail--Moderately frail 48.7 (41.2–56.2) 3.8 0.003
Mental Component Summary SF-12 scored
3 months
- Very fit--well 69.6 (65.8–73.4) 1.9  
- Well + comorbid--Apparently vulnerable 63.5 (59.2–67.7) 2.2 0.014
- Mildly frail--Moderately frail 59.5 (50.9–68.1) 4.4 0.032
6 months
- Very fit--well 70.1 (66.5–73.7) 1.84  
- Well + comorbid--Apparently vulnerable 69.0 (65.2–72.9) 1.94 0.6
- Mildly frail--Moderately frail 60.8 (51.1 − 70.6) 4.96 0.08
  1. aobtained by linear mixed model
  2. bAdjustments based on schooling, comorbidities, use of walking aid, baseline IADL score, and number of outings per week
  3. cVery fit—well (n = 173); Well + comorbid--Apparently vulnerable (n = 101); Mildly frail--Moderately frail (n = 37)
  4. dAdjustments based on age, schooling, comorbidities, use of walking aid, baseline IADL score, cognitive status, and number of outings per week