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Table 2 Unadjusted HRQoL mean scoresa, according to the frailty groups at 3 months and 6 months

From: Frail older adults with minor fractures show lower health-related quality of life (SF-12) scores up to six months following emergency department discharge

  Mean
(95 % CI)
Standard of Error P value
Physical Component Summary SF-12 scoreb
3 monthsc
- Very fit--well 69.6 (66.2 72.7) 21.9  
- Well + comorbid--Apparently vulnerable 65.6(61.4 69.9) 21.4  
- Mildly frail--Moderately frail 51.9 (43.9 59.9) 24.1 <0.001
6 months
- Very fit--well 70.2 (67.3 73.1) 17.8  
- Well + comorbid--Apparently vulnerable 61.6 (56.7 66.4) 22.1  
- Mildly frail--Moderately frail 50.5 (41.7–59.3) 23.1 <0.001
Mental Component Summary SF-12 scored
3 months
- Very fit--well 70.6 (68.1 73.1) 16.5  
- Well + comorbid--Apparently vulnerable 64.5 (60.5–68.5) 20.3  
- Mildly frail--Moderately frail 59.2 (51.7 66.8) 22.7 <0.001
6 months
- Very fit--well 71.0 (68.773.2)   
- Well + comorbid--Apparently vulnerable 69.7 (66.0–73.5)   
- Mildly frail--Moderately frail 59.6 (50.4–68.8)   0.003
  1. aobtained by linear mixed model
  2. bAdjustments based on schooling, comorbidities, use of walking aid, baseline IADL score, and number of outings per week
  3. cVery fit—well (n = 173); Well + comorbid--Apparently vulnerable (n = 101); Mildly frail--Moderately frail (n = 37)
  4. dAdjustments based on age, schooling, comorbidities, use of walking aid, baseline IADL score, cognitive status, and number of outings per week