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Table 2 Factor loadings, means and standard deviations of the alcohol abstinence self-efficacy scale

From: Assessing alcohol abstinence self-efficacy in undergraduate students: psychometric evaluation of the alcohol abstinence self-efficacy scale

AASES items Drinkers and non-drinkers (N = 215) Drinkers (N = 126)
Factor loadings Mean SD Factor 1 loadings Factor 2 loadings Mean SD
1. When I am in agony because of stopping or withdrawing from alcohol use 0.92 1.09 1.60 0.89 −0.13 1.84 1.73
2. When I have a headache 0.89 1.13 1.67 0.84 −0.27 1.92 1.80
3. When I am feeling depressed 0.94 1.23 1.61 0.90 0.01 2.02 1.63
4. When I am on vacation and want to relax 0.86 1.23 1.59 0.77 0.25 2.04 1.60
5. When I am concerned about someone 0.92 1.18 1.65 0.87 −0.13 1.98 1.73
6. When I am worried 0.92 1.23 1.65 0.87 −0.05 2.06 1.69
7. When I have the urge to try just one drink to see what happens 0.87 1.30 1.59 0.77 0.20 2.17 1.53
8. When I am being offered a drink in a social situation 0.84 1.30 1.51 0.71 0.37 2.19 1.38
9. When I dream about taking a drink 0.93 1.27 1.73 0.88 −0.14 2.13 1.79
10. When I want to test my will power over drinking 0.91 1.31 1.67 0.83 −0.04 2.19 1.66
11. When I am feeling a physical need or craving for alcohol 0.91 1.19 1.58 0.84 0.01 2.01 1.61
12. When I am physically tired 0.94 1.23 1.66 0.90 −0.21 2.08 1.71
13. When I am experiencing some physical pain or injury 0.94 1.19 1.65 0.91 −0.19 2.00 1.72
14. When I feel like blowing up because of frustration 0.91 1.28 1.67 0.85 0.09 2.16 1.67
15. When I see others drinking at a bar or a party 0.90 1.15 1.61 0.84 0.10 1.95 1.68
16. When I sense everything is going wrong for me 0.92 1.15 1.61 0.87 0.08 1.92 1.70
17. When people I used to drink with encourage me to drink. 0.90 1.21 1.62 0.84 0.13 2.02 1.66
18. When I am feeling angry inside 0.91 1.20 1.63 0.86 0.13 1.99 1.70
19. When I experience an urge or impulse to take a drink that catches me unprepared 0.93 1.14 1.59 0.90 0.10 1.90 1.68
20. When I am excited or celebrating with others 0.70 1.32 1.62 0.48 0.75 2.19 1.56
Total   24.95 29.58    40.79 27.98
  1. Negative Affect: 3, 6, 14, 16, 18; Social Pressure: 4, 8, 15, 17, 20; Physical Pain/Illness: 2, 5, 9, 12, 13; Thoughts about Using: 1, 7, 10, 11, 19