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Table 5 Construct, convergent and discriminant validity tests for the Malay-ECOHIS - associations between Malay-ECOHIS and subjective outcome variables (n = 123)

From: The Malay version of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (Malay-ECOHIS) – assessing validity and reliability

Variables n Mean (SD) ECOHIS score (Quartiles) P*
Perceived satisfaction on child’s oral health      
 Very satisfied 8 0.88 (2.47) (0.0, 0.0, 0.0) <0.001
 Satisfied 56 2.21 (3.72) (0.0, 0.0, 3.8)  
 Moderate 37 4.68 (4.47) (0.0, 4.0, 8.0)  
 Not satisfied 18 5.22 (4.75) (1.8, 4.0, 8.3)  
 Very unsatisfied 4 11.25 (7.41) (5.3, 9.5, 19.0)  
Perceived child’s oral health status      
 Excellent 7 1.00 (2.65) (0.0, 0.0, 0.0) <0.001
 Very good 19 1.42 (3.82) (0.0, 0.0, 0.0)  
 Good 50 3.16 (4.01) (0.0, 1.5, 5.0)  
 Moderate 40 4.65 (4.59) (1.0, 4.0, 7.8)  
 Poor 7 9.29 (6.18) (5.0, 6.0, 13.0)  
Perceived child’s oral health need      
 Yes 94 4.57 (4.80) (0.0, 4.0, 7.0) <0.001
 No 21 0.48 (1.44) (0.0, 0.0, 0.0)  
 Don’t know 8 0.38 (0.74) (0.0, 0.0, 0.75)  
Child’s experience of toothache      
 Very often 1 19.0 (0.00) (19.0, 19.0, 19.0) <0.001
 Occasionally 48 6.50 (4.68) (3.0, 5.0, 10.0)  
 Never 74 1.51 (2.81) (0.0, 0.0, 3.0)  
Dental visit due to dentally related problems      
 Never 55 1.96 (3.72) (0.0, 0.0, 3.0) <0.001
 Occasionally when have problems 62 4.92 (4.60) (1.0, 4.0, 8.0)  
 Regularly 6 5.00 (7.18) (0.8, 2.0, 9.3)  
  1. *Kruskal-Wallis non-parametric statistics