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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of the sample of preschool aged children and their parents (N = 127)

From: The Malay version of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (Malay-ECOHIS) – assessing validity and reliability

Demographic characteristic Frequency
  n %
Child’s characteristics   
 Age (years)   
  6 61 48.0
  5 55 43.3
  4 11 8.7
 Gender   
  Boys 64 50.4
  Girls 63 49.6
 Race   
  Malay 124 97.6
  Chinese 1 0.8
  Indian 2 1.6
 Kindergarten   
  Tadika KEMAS Nurul Jamruk (public) 45 35.4
  Tadika KEMAS Nur Ar-Rahim (public) 15 11.8
  Tadika Cahaya Taqwa (private) 67 52.8
 Child’s position in the family   
  Eldest child 36 28.3
  Second child 35 27.6
  Third child 24 18.9
  Fourth child 21 16.5
  Fifth child 7 5.5
  Sixth child 3 2.4
  Other 1 0.8
Parent’s characteristics   
  Relationship to child   
  Mother 79 62.2
  Father 48 37.8
 Level of education (mother)   
  Secondary school 48 37.8
  Diploma or equivalent 34 26.8
  University 45 35.4
 Level of education (father)   
  Secondary school 53 41.7
  Diploma or equivalent 35 27.6
  University 39 30.7
 Monthly family incomea   
  RM 1000 – RM 2999 (low) 27 21.3
  RM 3000 – RM 4999 (moderate) 58 45.7
   > RM 5000 (high) 42 33.0
  1. aRM = Ringgit Malaysia (RM1 = USD 0.27 = GBP 0.18)