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Table 1 Items, and factor loadings based on principal axis factoring with oblimin rotation (pattern matrix) in the Barriers to HIV Testing Scale – Karolinska version (N = 258)

From: Development and psychometric testing of a barriers to HIV testing scale among individuals with HIV infection in Sweden; The Barriers to HIV testing scale-Karolinska version

Item Factors
  1 a 2 b 3 c 4 d
16. I was afraid of becoming sick .823 .122 .103 -.077
15. I was afraid that my sex life would be negatively affected .809 -.044 -.131 .121
18. I was worried about feeling like a failure .691 .078 .048 -.230
14. I was afraid of losing my friends and other social contacts .480 -.116 -.358 -.224
12. I was afraid of losing my partner .455 .029 -.395 -.057
17. I was worried about the legal consequences .450 .068 -.341 -.085
9. I did not want to know the results .399 .326 .033 -.222
4. The testing site was too far away .016 .699 .033 .060
1. I did not have transportation to a testing site .029 .663 .051 -.046
8. There was no cure so why get tested -.025 .634 .036 -.266
3. I did not have enough time .078 .632 -.081 .157
2. I did not know where to go for testing -.118 .532 -.303 -.039
5. I did not like people at testing site .085 .344 -.092 -.169
11. I was afraid of losing my job -.011 .050 -.795 -.081
13. I was afraid of losing my family .206 .097 -.582 -.146
10. I was worried about my insurance/insurances .123 .147 -.488 -.092
6. I was worried about confidentiality .030 .077 -.185 -.744
7. People might recognize me at testing site .230 -.046 -.141 -.550
  1. The factors were interpreted as relating to: a personal consequences, b structural barriers, c social and economic barriers, d confidentiality
  2. Items assigned to scale with highest loading (in bold)