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Table 1 Patient distribution according to deterioration, stability or improvement in SLDS scores from baseline to T2

From: Predictive typology of subjective quality of life among participants with severe mental disorders after a five-year follow-up: a longitudinal two-step cluster analysis

  Variables at baseline   Total sample Deteriorated Stable Improved
(n = 204) (n = 81) (n = 85) (n = 38)
  n/mean %/SD n/mean %/SD n/mean %/SD n/mean %/SD
Socio-demographic variables Age (n, %) <40 yr. 43 21.1 16 19.8 18 21.2 9 23,7
40–49 yr. 66 32.4 24 29.6 27 31.8 15 39.5
>50 yr. 95 46.6 41 50.6 40 47.1 14 36.8
Gender (n, %) Female 98 48.0 38 46.9 38 44.7 22 57.9
Male 106 52.0 43 53.1 47 55.3 16 42.1
Civil status (n, %) Other than single 30 14.7 10 12.3 13 15.3 7 18.4
Single 174 85.3 71 87.7 72 84.7 31 81.6
Education (n, %) Primary/Secondary school 123 60.3 53 65.4 49 57.6 21 55.3
College/University 81 39.7 28 34.6 36 42.4 17 44.7
Sources of income (n, %) Welfare 129 63.2 59 72.8 49 57.6 21 55.3
Other 75 36.8 22 27.2 36 42.4 17 44.7
Type of housing (n, %) Independent apartment 121 59.3 40 49.4 59 69.4 22 57.9
Supervised apartment or other types of supervised housing 83 40.7 41 50.6 26 30.6 16 42.1
SPS scoresa (mean, SD) 71.0 6.6 70.9 5.7 71.4 6.7 70.6 8.1
Clinical variables Severity of needsb (mean, SD) 43.3 29.5 40.5 28.0 44.1 28.6 47.3 34.8
MCAS scorec (mean, SD) 65.6 10.0 64.1 10.5 67.2 9.0 65.3 10.4
Primary diagnosis (Severe mental disorders)         
Mood disorders (n, %) 86 42.2 24 29.6 38 44.7 24 63.2
Psychotic disordersd (n, %) 100 49.0 50 61.7 38 44.7 12 31.6
Secondary diagnosis         
Anxiety disorders (n, %) 25 12.3 7 8.6 14 16.5 4 10.5
Personality disorders (n, %) 58 28.4 14 17.3 34 40.0 10 26.3
Addictione (mean, SD) 8.5 7.3 7.9 6.6 8.6 7.7 9.4 8.0
Number of mental disorders (mean, SD) 1.6 0.9 1.5 0.9 1.7 0.8 1.7 0.9
Health service use and appreciation Help from relativesf (mean, SD) 23.0 23.0 19.1 20.4 25.4 25.0 25.9 23.1
Help from servicesg (mean, SD) 35.2 21.3 36.4 22.5 34.0 19.8 35.5 22.1
ACSS-MH scoreh (mean, SD) 122.1 13.3 123.2 11.1 122.1 9.5 119.8 22.2
  1. aSocial Provisions Scale (SPS) score: Min = 24, Max = 96; Higher = positive
  2. bSeverity of needs (MANQ score): Min = 0; Max = 260; Higher = negative
  3. cMultnomah Community Ability Scale (MCAS) score: Min = 17; Max = 85; Higher = positive
  4. dPsychotic disorders = schizophrenia + schizophrenia spectrum disorders + delusion
  5. eAddiction = Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) score + Drug Abuse Screening Test-20 (DAST-20) score
  6. fHelp form relatives (Montreal Assessment of Needs Questionnaire (MANQ) score); Min = 0; Max = 260; Higher = positive
  7. gHelp from services (MANQ score); Min = 0; Max = 260; Higher = positive
  8. hAlberta Continuity of Services Scale for Mental Health (ACSS-MH) score: Min: 24; Max: 168; Higher = positive