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Table 3 Poststroke adjusted mean HRQoL scores by spasticity reporting

From: The negative impact of spasticity on the health-related quality of life of stroke survivors: a longitudinal cohort study

HRQoL Patients with spasticity, Patients without spasticity, Mean difference (95 % CI)a
mean ± SE mean ± SE
(95 % CI) (95 % CI)
SF-12
 Physical Component Summary 31.1 ± 0.9 37.0 ± 0.5 −5.8 (−7.8 to −4.0)
(29.4–32.9) (36.0–38.0)
 Mental Component Summary 50.7 ± 1.3 50.11 ± 0.5 0.6 (−2.1 to 3.2)
(48.2–53.2) (49.2–51.0)
EQ-5D
 Index score (US weighted) 0.63 ± 0.02 0.71 ± 0.01 −0.07 (−0.12 to −0.03)
(0.59–0.68) (0.69–0.73)
SSQOL
 Overall score 3.6 ± 0.05 3.8 ± 0.03 −0.21 (–0.32 to–0.11)
(3.5–3.7) (3.8–3.9)
  1. Abbreviations: CI confidence interval, EQ-5D EuroQol-5 dimension, HRQoL health-related quality of life, SF-12 Short Form-12, SE standard error, SSQOL Stroke-Specific Quality of Life, and US United States
  2. aAdjusted for age, race, and retrospective National Institute of Health Stroke Scale