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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of the stroke cohort

From: The negative impact of spasticity on the health-related quality of life of stroke survivors: a longitudinal cohort study

  All poststroke patients Patients with spasticity dataa Patients with spasticitya Patients without spasticitya P value*
N 460 328 54 274  
Age, mean ± SD, y 67.0 ± 14.0 65.8 ± 13.9 59.7 ± 14.1 67.1 ± 13.5 <.01
Female, n (%) 219 (47.6) 159 (48.5) 25 (46.0) 134 (49.0) .73
Black, n (%) 113 (24.6) 84 (25.6) 21 (38.9) 63 (23.0) .01
Residence at admission, n (%)
 Home 437 (95.0) 312 (95.1) 51 (94.4) 261 (95.3) .73
 Not home 23 (5.0) 16 (4.9) 3 (5.6) 13 (4.7)  
Marital status, n (%)
 Married/Partner 236 (51.3) 167 (50.9) 25 (46.3) 142 (51.8) .46
 Single 224 (48.7) 161 (49.1) 29 (53.7) 132 (48.2)  
Employment status, n (%)      < .01
 Employed 131 (28.5) 97 (29.6) 18 (33.3) 79 (28.8)  
 Unemployed/Retired/Other 290 (63.0) 199 (60.7) 24 (44.4) 175 (63.9)  
 On disability 39 (8.5) 32 (9.8) 12 (22.2) 20 (7.3)  
Education      .93
 <HS 153 (33.5) 102 (31.2) 18 (33.3) 84 (30.8)  
 HS/GED test 127 (27.9) 93 (28.4) 15 (27.8) 78 (28.6)  
 Some college 176 (38.6) 132 (40.4) 21 (38.9) 111 (40.7)  
  1. Abbreviations: GED general education development, HS high school, SD standard deviation
  2. aAt 3 months
  3. *Comparison between patients with and without spasticity