Skip to main content

Table 4 Mediation of stress on the relationship between adverse childhood experiences and excessive unhealthy days

From: Adverse childhood experiences and health-related quality of life in adulthood: revelations from a community needs assessment

Path Coefficientsa, b S.E.
IV to Mediators (a paths): ACE to Stress and Sleep
  Perceived stress 1.64e .54
  Sleep disturbance 1.09e .30
Direct Effects of Mediators on DV (b paths)
  Perceived stress .05e .02
  Sleep disturbance .10e .03
Total Effect of IV on DV (c path)   
  Adverse childhood experiences .19e .07
Direct Effect of IV on DV (c’ path)   
  Adverse childhood experiences .03 .09
Partial Effect of Control Variables on DV
  Age .03 .02
  Sex .18 .57
  Education 1.85e .63
  Marital status .79 .58
  Race/ethnicity −.43 .49
  Household income −.23 .39
  Community assets .07 .07
  Neighborhood issues −.16 .09
  Neighborhood cohesion −.01 .01
Indirect Effects of IV(ACE) on DV(Unhealthy days) through Proposed Mediators (ab paths)c
  Data Boot (95 % CI)d
Total .19 .22 (.06, .33)
Perceived stress .08 .09 (.01, .21)
Sleep Deprivation .11 .13 (.03, .21)
  1. aAll values rounded to two digits. bLinear regressions for ‘a paths’ for perceived stress and sleep deprivation. All other coefficients derived with binary logistic regression. cFormulas: Total Effect: c = c’ + ab; amount of mediation or indirect effect: ab = c - c’. dBased on 1000 bootstrapped samples. ePath coefficient significant at p < 0.05