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Table 3 Excessive unhealthy (≥14) days predicted by adverse childhood experiences and step-wise inclusion of mediators

From: Adverse childhood experiences and health-related quality of life in adulthood: revelations from a community needs assessment

Variables Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
B (95 % CI)a B (95 % CI)a B (95 % CI)a
Main Predictor       
  Adverse childhood experiences .21b (.05, .43) .104 (−.06, .34) .03 (−.24, .28)
Mediators       
  Stress    .061b (.03, .158) .05b (.01, .12)
  Sleep disturbances      .10b (.06, .23)
Confounders       
  Age .01 (−.027, .04) .03 (−.01, .08) .03 (−.01, .09)
  Sex −.19 (−1.33, .76) −.19 (−1.67, .95) .21 (−1.37, 1.84)
  Education .78 (−.36, 2.28) 1.35b (.05, 3.48) 1.85b (.40, 4.38)
  Marital status .78 (−.19, 2.40) .55 (−.72, 2.02) .87 (−.47, 3.06)
  Non-Hispanic black −.45 (−2.44, 1.65) −.17 (−1.97, 1.85) −.65 (−3.01, 1.41)
  Hispanic or Latino −.81 (−3.08, 1.40) −.72 (−2.93, 1.65) −.97 (−3.64, 1.24)
  US$20,001–40,000 −.44 (−1.88, .71) −.02 (−1.68, 1.34) −.42 (−2.76, 1.20)
  ≥US$40,001 −.29 (−19.69, 1.30) −.31 (−19.29 1.13) −.30 (−20.16, 1.85)
  Community assets −.05 (−.19, .08) .07 (−.08, .26) .07 (−.11, .28)
  Neighborhood issues −.02 (−.23, .15) −.12 (−.34, .08) −.17 (−.49, .03)
  Neighborhood cohesion −.01 (−.03, .01) −.01 (−.05, .02) −.01 (−.05, .02)
Constant −.76 (−5.04, 2.81) −4.32b (−16.16, −.47) −4.7 (−13.87, −.05)
Model Chi-square [df] 22.48 [7] 38.32 [11] 56.26 [14]
Nagelkerke R2 .18 .32 .44
% Correct predictions 73.2 80.8 82.1
Goodness of fit p-value .44 .55 .38
  1. Model 1: binary logistic regression with Unhealthy Days as outcome, ACE as predictor, and controlling for age, gender, education, marital status, race/ethnicity, income, community assets, neighborhood issues, neighborhood cohesion as covariates
  2. Model 2: Model 1, adding stress (mediator 1)
  3. Model 3: Model 2, adding sleep disturbance (mediator 2)
  4. N = 151 for model 1,2, and 3
  5. aBootstrapped 95 % confidence intervals based on 1000 bootstrapped samples. All values rounded to two digits.
  6. bIndicates that the coefficient is statistically significant at, at least, the .05 level