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Table 2 Sample characteristics

From: Dutch translation and cross-cultural validation of the Adult Social Care Outcomes Toolkit (ASCOT)

  Subsample ACT study N = 190¶ Dutch cases (a subsample of ACT study matched to English controls) N = 169¶ English controls (IIASC study) N = 152¶ Difference between cases and controls
P-value†
Age. mean (SD) 82.39 (7.67) 82.04 (7.68) 80.68 (7.38) 0.11
Sex. % women 71.6% 78.1% 77.0% 0.81
Marital status. % not married (i.e. never married, widowed or divorced) 78.4% 80.5% 75.0% 0.24
Living situation. % alone 68.4% 72.8% 70.4% 0.64
EQ-5D (−0.594-1). Mean (SD) 0.59 (0.31) 0.59 (0.31) 0.37 (0.35) <0.01
Utility-weighted ASCOT (−0.171-1). Mean (SD) 0.80 (0.16) 0.81 (0.16) 0.80 (0.16) 0.83
ADL limitations (0–8). Mean (SD)ǂ 2.14 (1.64) 2.16 (1.60) 2.70 (1.89) <0.01
Self-rated health     
Excellent/very good. % 4.7% 4.7% 7.9% 0.05
Good. % 45.3% 45.0% 31.6%  
Fair. % 39.5% 40.2% 44.1%  
Poor. % 10.5% 10.1% 16.4%  
  1. †Chi-square test (categorical) one-way ANOVA (continuous).
  2. Missing Values: ACT (28), cases (20), controls (6).
  3. ǂLimitations that were available in the ACT study and the IIASC study: Bathing, dressing, using the toilet, eating, getting out of the house, grocery shopping, routine housework, paperwork/finances
  4. +Missing values: ACT (2), cases (2), controls (1).