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Table 5 Correlations between or subgroup means and Cronbach’s alphas for the APQ-S dimensions and regression variables

From: Validation of the Dutch Aging Perceptions Questionnaire and development of a short version

  Timeline chronic Timeline cyclical Consequence positive Consequence negative Emotional representations Control positive Control negative
Wellbeing -.16*** -.36*** .21*** -.33*** -.29*** .27*** .10***
Physical functioning -.34*** -.40*** -.01 -.49*** -.29*** .12*** .25***
Age .31*** .18*** .02 .32*** .09** -.04 -.22***
Gender        
Female 3.28 (.92)** 2.87 (.90) 3.45 (.74)** 3.39 (.85) 2.49 (.87) 3.70 (.71) 2.37 (.76)***
Male 3.44 (.91)** 2.81 (.86) 3.33 (.78)** 3.37 (.81) 2.41 (.83) 3.73 (.69) 2.51 (.79)***
αFemale .81 .77 .74 .80 .79 .70 .76
αMale .81 .74 .75 .77 .78 .68 .75
Income        
≤ €1000 3.47 (.93) 2.94 (.88) 3.41 (.79) 3.48 (.84) 2.64 (.97)* 3.62 (.71) 2.42 (.84)
> €1000 3.34 (.92) 2.83 (.88) 3.40 (.76) 3.37 (.83) 2.44 (.84)* 3.72 (.70) 2.43 (.77)
α≤ €1000 .79 .72 .70 .79 .81 .71 .77
α> €1000 .81 .76 .75 .79 .79 .69 .76
Education        
≤ Elementary 3.45 (.94)** 2.89 (.93) 3.36 (.81) 3.45 (.86)* 2.58 (.93)*** 3.68 (.78) 2.28 (.78)***
> Elementary 3.30 (.90)** 2.82 (.86) 3.42 (.73) 3.35 (.82)* 2.40 (.81)*** 3.73 (.66) 2.50 (.76)***
α≤ Elementary .81 .75 .72 .77 .79 .77 .76
α> Elementary .81 .76 .75 .80 .79 .64 .75
Marital status        
Single/widow 3.38 (.94) 2.91 (.91)*** 3.43 (.76) 3.42 (.86)* 2.50 (.89)* 3.72 (.73) 2.36 (.77)***
Married/living together 3.30 (.88) 2.74 (.83)*** 3.36 (.75) 3.32 (.78)* 2.39 (.80)* 3.69 (.67) 2.53 (.77)***
αSingle/widow .82 .77 .73 .80 .79 .71 .74
αMarried/living together .79 .73 .76 .77 .78 .66 .77
Ethnicity        
Non-Dutch 3.33 (.97) 2.84 (.97) 3.41 (.86) 3.25 (.92)* 2.48 (.86) 3.70 (.84) 2.57 (.88)*
Dutch 3.35 (.91) 2.84 (.87) 3.40 (.74) 3.40 (.82)* 2.45 (.85) 3.71 (.68) 2.40 (.75)*
αNon-Dutch .82 .83 .81 .81 .79 .75 .79
αDutch .81 .74 .73 .79 .79 .67 .75
  1. Note. * p ≤ .05; ** p ≤ .01; *** p ≤ .001. Subgroup differences were calculated using independent sample t-tests.