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Table 2 Changes in level of autonomy and quality of life scales from hospital admission up to 1 year later

From: Outcomes measured by mortality rates, quality of life and degree of autonomy in the first year in stroke units in Spain

  Previous Discharge 3 months 12 months
Modified rankin scale N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%)
From 0 to 2 299 (93.7%) 165 (54.6%) 186 (67.1%) 182 (71.1%)
Above 2 20 (6.3%) 137 (45.4%) 91 (32.9%) 68 (28.9%)
Barthel   N (%) N (%) N (%)
Independent (100) 91 (28.3%) 130 (40.5%) 132 (41.1%)
Low dependence (91–99) 11 (3.4%) 22 (6.9%) 17 (5.3%)
Moderate dependence (61–90) 93 (29.0%) 55 (17.1%) 50 (15.6%)
Severe dependence (21–60) 57 (17.8) 48 (15.0%) 32 (10.0%)
Total dependence (0–20) 50 (15.6%) 23 (7.2%) 19 (5.9%)
Cumulative deaths 19 (5.9%) 35 (10.9%) 56 (17.4%)
EQ-5D   Discharge 3 months 12 months
Utilities mean (SD)   0.57 (0.32) 0.62 (0.30) 0.65 (0.28)
Visual Analogic Scale mean (SD)   45.81 (28.62) 44.15 (31.56) 45.74 (33.36)
Number of responses   274 261 234
EQ-5D dimensions   N (%) N (%) N (%)
Mobility No problems 122 (44.2%) 137 (52.5%) 123 (52.1%)
  Some problems 100 (36.2%) 98 (37.5%) 100 (42.4%)
  Confined to bed 54 (19.6%) 26 (10.0%) 13 (5.5%)
Personal care No problems 137 (49.8%) 156 (59.8%) 155 (67.7%)
  Some problems 75 (27.3%) 36 (13.8%) 52 (22.0%)
  Unable 63 (22.9%) 69 (26.4%) 29 (12.3%)
Activity No problems 83 (30.1%) 116 (44.4%) 116 (49.2%)
  Some problems 122 (44.2%) 44 (16.9%) 84 (35.6%)
  Unable 71 (25.7%) 101 (38.7%) 36 (15.3%)
Pain No pain 171 (62.4%) 159 (60.9%) 140 (59.3%)
  Moderate pain 94 (34.3%) 88 (33.7%) 86 (36.4%)
  Extreme pain 9 (3.3%) 14 (5.4%) 10 (4.2%)
Anxiety Not anxious 153 (55.8%) 131 (50.2%) 134 (56.8%)
  Moderately anxious 103 (37.6%) 102 (39.1%) 89 (37.7%)
  Extremely anxious 18 (6.6%) 28 (10.7%) 13 (5.5%)
Cumulative losses 0 8 15