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Table 1 Demographic and clinical data in the breast cancer (n = 162) and control groups (n = 210)

From: Health-related quality of life and the predictive role of sense of coherence, spirituality and religious coping in a sample of Iranian women with breast cancer: a prospective study with comparative design

Demographic & clinical variables Breast cancer group n (%) Control group n (%) df p value
Age in years, Mean (SD) 46.1 (9.8) 46.6 (8.4) 370 .071a
Marital status    2 .572b
Single 11 (6.8) 24 (11.4)   
Married 129 (79.6) 170 (81.0)   
Divorced/Widowed 22 (13.6) 16 (7.6)   
Education    1 .557b
Primary school 23 (14.2) 35 (16.7)   
Secondary school 27 (16.7) 23 (11.0)   
High school 4 (2.5) 6 (2.9)   
Diploma 57 (35.2) 75 (35.7)   
University 51 (31.5) 71 (33.8)   
Working status    2 .356b
Housewife 97 (59.9) 117 (55.7)   
Employed 51 (31.5) 65 (31.0)   
Retired 14 (8.6) 28 (13.3)   
Menopause at beginning of the study    1 .349b
Yes 60 (37.0) 68 (32.4)   
No 102 (63.0) 142 (67.6)   
Comorbidity c    1 .935b
Yes 78 (48.1) 102 (48.6)   
No 84 (51.9) 108 (51.4)   
Number of comorbidities    1 .001b
One 42 (26.0) 30 (14.3)   
More than one 36 (22.0) 72 (34.3)   
  1. aDifferences between groups’ proportions were tested by the Independent Student’s t-test.
  2. bDifferences between groups’ proportions were tested by the Chi-Square.
  3. cComorbidity: long-standing diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, and musculoskeletal problems.