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Table 1 Demographic and exposure information and descriptive statistics for major study variables ( N= 58)

From: Posttraumatic growth, depression and posttraumatic stress in relation to quality of life in tsunami survivors: a longitudinal study

Demographic and exposure variables Prevalence
Female gender 55.2%
Age (Mean/ SD) 40.5 (11.3)
Married/cohabiting 63,8%
Employed 69%
Higher education 69%
Family members participating  
 1 34,5%
 2 55.2%
 3 10.3%
Exposure  
 No direct exposure to waves 20.7%
 Touched or chased by waves 39.7%
 Caught by waves 39.7%
Injury and loss  
 Were injured 39.7%
 Hospitalized 19%
 Lost family member 20.7%
Major study variables Mean ( SD )
Posttraumatic growth 50.6 (25.2)
Depressiona 2.7 (4.2)
Posttraumatic stressb 31.6 (15.1)
General quality of life at T1 4.0 (0.9)
Health-related quality of life at T1 3.7 (1.2)
General quality of life at T2 4.1 (1.0)
Health-related quality of life at T2 3.7 (1.1)
  1. Note: All variables were measured two years post-tsunami. In addition, quality of life was measured both two and six years post-tsunami.
  2. aThe level of depression as measured by the General Health Questionnaire.
  3. bThe level of posttraumatic stress as measured by the PCL.