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Table 5 Quality of life by somatic symptom severity

From: Importance of remission and residual somatic symptoms in health-related quality of life among outpatients with major depressive disorder: a cross-sectional study

Variable Overalla Remitted MDD Non-remitted MDD
SS ≥ 8 (n = 277) SS < 8 (n = 279) p-valueb SS ≥ 8 (n = 28) SS < 8 (n = 155) p-valueb SS ≥ 8 (n = 118) SS < 8 (n = 67) p-valueb
EQ-5D index score 0.54 ± 0.24 0.75 ± 0.12 0.0017* 0.65 ± 0.19 0.79 ± 0.07 0.0139* 0.52 ± 0.24 0.72 ± 0.14 0.0015*
EQ-VAS 49.32 ± 20.57 69.03 ± 17.56 0.0003* 61.29 ± 15.69 75.50 ± 16.18 0.0372* 47.79 ± 20.68 59.67 ± 16.91 0.2218
Q–LES-Q-SF index score 0.38 ± 0.14 0.55 ± 0.15 0.0008* 0.48 ± 0.13 0.60 ± 0.16 0.9300 0.38 ± 0.14 0.49 ± 0.12 0.2973
  1. MDD = major depressive disorder; SS = somatic subscale of the depression and somatic symptoms scale; EQ-5D = European quality of life-5 dimensions; EQ-VAS = European quality of life visual analog scale; Q–LES-Q-SF = the quality of life enjoyment and satisfaction questionnaire short form.
  2. aPatients aged 40 years or older.
  3. bThe difference between groups was derived from ANCOVA adjusted for depression symptom scores.
  4. *Significance level p < 0.05.