Skip to main content

Table 5 Discriminant validity involving known group analysis for the Japanese version of the MMQL-AF

From: Development of the Japanese version of the Minneapolis-Manchester Quality of Life Survey of Health - Adolescent Form (MMQL-AF) and investigation of its reliability and validity

  Children with cancer off therapy (n = 141) Healthy controls (n = 183) t pvalue
MMQL-AF questionnaire Mean SD Mean SD
Physical functioning 13.62 5.36 8.92 2.47 9.46 < 0.01
Psychological functioning 20.32 7.87 19.59 7.48 .84 ns
Body image 15.30 4.56 14.98 3.98 .67 ns
Social functioning & intimate relations 20.37 7.76 18.67 5.96 2.13 < 0.05
Cognitive functioning 15.47 5.73 13.95 5.16 2.48 < 0.05
Outlook on life 6.15 2.81 5.93 2.48 .74 ns
  1. MMQL-AF: Minneapolis-Manchester Quality of Life Survey of Health-Adolescent Form, n: number of individuals, SD: standard deviation, t: t value.