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Table 4 PedsQL™ self-report comparing healthy and ill children

From: Reliability and validity of PedsQL for Portuguese children aged 5–7 and 8–12 years

   5-7 age group 8-12 age group
Healthy children (n=32) Children with chronic illness (n=36) Healthy children (n=50) Children with chronic illness (n=61)
mean s.d. mean s.d. mean s.d. mean s.d.
Total scale score   80.91 6.69 70.59 13.66 82.37 8.57 70.31 15.70
   t (66) = 3.88;p<0.0005 t (109) = 4.86;p<0.0005
PedsQL subscales Physical functioning 86.72 9.75 69.10 20.37 86.38 11.20 71.21 22.21
Emotional functioning 80.00 14.81 70.00 15.49 73.20 13.58 67.46 21.09
Social functioning 77.19 11.43 75.56 17.48 89.00 12.45 73.93 18.78
School functioning 76.25 10.70 68.61 21.67 78.50 12.51 68.11 15.63
   Pillai's Trace = 0.281; p<0.0001 Pillai's Trace = 0.213; p<0.0001
Hotelling's Trace = 0.392; p<0.0001 Hotelling's Trace = 0.270; p<0.0001
Wilk's Lambda = 0.718; p<0.0001 Wilk's Lambda = 0.787; p<0.0001
Roy's Largest Root= 0.281; p<0.0001 Roy's Largest Root= 0.212; p<0.0001
Tests of between-subjets effects Physical functioning F (1,66) = 19.87; p<0.0001 F (1,109)=19.27; p<0.0001
Emotional functioning F (1,66) = 7.36; p<0.009 F (1,109)=2.79; p<0.099
Social functioning F (1,66) = 0.20; p<0.655 F (1,109)=23.64; p<0.001
School functioning F (1,66) = 3.26; p<0.075 F (1,109)=14.47; p<0.001
  1. s.d. - standard deviation.