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Table 2 QOL and differences between patients who report and those who do not report an ADE

From: Construct and concurrent validity of a patient-reported adverse drug event questionnaire: a cross-sectional study

  Total Patients not reporting an ADE Patients reporting ≥1 ADEs P-value Effect sized
Number of patients 135 98 37   
Mean QOL (SD)      
  Median general QOL score (IQR) 8.0 (6.0-8.0) 8.0 (7.0-8.0) 7.0 (6.0-8.0) .021 −0.53
  Physical health 14.9 (2.5) 15.2 (2.4) 14.0 (2.6) .009* −0.50
  Psychological health 14.7 (2.4) 15.0 (2.4) 14.1 (2.5) .064* −0.38
  Social relationships 14.5 (2.6) 14.6 (2.7) 14.4 (2.6) .666* −0.07
  Environment 16.0 (2.2) 16.2 (2.2) 15.6 (2.3) .134* −0.27
  1. QOL = Quality of life; ADE = Adverse drug event; SD = Standard deviation; IQR = Interquartile range.
  2. † = Mann–Whitney U-test; * = T-test.