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Table 1 Study population characteristics according to the marital status (n = 185)

From: Spinsterhood and its impact on disease features in women with rheumatoid arthritis

Characteristics Spinsterhood Distressed marriage Nondistressed marriage Divorced or widowed P
Educational level      
   -No formal education 15 (35.71%) 39 (44.31%) 19 (67.85%) 22 (81.48%) 0.010
   -Primary education 11 (26.19%) 26 (29.54%) 2 (7.14%) 2 (7.4%)  
   - ≥ Secondary education 16 (38.1%) 23 (26.13) 7 (25%) 3 (11.11%)  
Household income (DH)      
   ≤ less than 1000 20 (47.62%) 44 (50%) 11 (39.28%) 12 (44.45%) 0.042
   > 1000- < 2000 15 (35.72%) 30 (34.1%) 7 (25%) 11 (40.75%)  
   ≥ 2000- < 5000 5 (11.9%) 9 (10.22%) 4 (14.28%) 3 (11.1%)  
   ≥ 5000 2 (4.76%) 5 (5.68%) 6 (21.42%) 1 (3.7%)  
Treatment      
   -Corticosteroids 40 (95.23%) 82 (93.18%) 24 (85.71%) 26 (96.29%) 0.139
   -DMARD's 36 (85.71%) 78 (88.63%) 23 (82.14%) 25 (92.59%) 0.282
   -Biologic agents 7 (16.66%) 12 (13.63%) 4 (14.28%) 1 (3.7%) 0.096
Age (years) 44.33 ± 2.54 39.21 ± 6.48 47.27 ± 3.22 55.76 ± 5.66 0.003
Age at onset (years) 29.81 ± 11.65 36.52 ± 11.76 34.6 ± 12.23 34.72 ± 12.34 0.009
VAS pain intensity (0-100) 67.14 ± 18.11 55.14 ± 16.08 53.63 ± 12.01 52.37 ± 14.21 < 0.001
Morning stiffness(min) 72.05 ± 16.38 47.16 ± 14.66 48.37 ± 11.25 45.79 ± 16.54 0.013
Night pain (Number) 2.08 ± 0.47 1.42 ± 0.76 1.54 ± 0.57 1.44 ± 0.48 0.006
Tender joints (0-28) 14.02 ± 4.47 11.45 ± 3.27 12.07 ± 3.7 12.2 ± 3.65 0.021
Swollen joints (0-28) 7.97 ± 5.25 5.89 ± 2.42 5.3 ± 2.27 5.47 ± 3.1 0.004
ESR (mm) 47.30 ± 17.44 47.71 ± 18.37 48.79 ± 16.31 45.85 ± 19.17 0.062
CRP (mg/l) 37.07 ± 19.17 29.74 ± 13.26 30.09 ± 10.95 28.61 ± 11.93 0.02
Rheumatoid factor (UI/L) 80.52 ± 45.75 88.19 ± 39.55 88.02 ± 43.13 89.75 ± 40.07 0.203
AntiCCp antibodies (UI/L) 127.46 ± 104.36 160.2 ± 93.02 131.57 ± 97.53 110.97 ± 107.66 0.081
DAS 28 6.32 ± 1.5 5.17 ± 1.3 4.97 ± 1.94 5.04 ± 1.26 < 0.001
HAQ (0-3) 2.09 ± 0.58 1.39 ± 0.56 1.36 ± 0.68 1.23 ± 0.87 < 0.001
Sharp total score 98.45 ± 39.87 91.45 ± 35.39 91.34 ± 34.60 89.58 ± 38.61 0.317
  1. DH, Dirhams; VAS, visual analogue scale; ESR, erythrocyte sedimentation rate; CRP, C-reactive protein; DAS, disease activity score; HAQ, health assessment questionnaire.
  2. P ≤ 0.05: significant