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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of study participants according to leisure-time physical activity (LTPA).

From: Longitudinal association of physical activity and sedentary behavior during leisure time with health-related quality of life in community-dwelling older adults

   MET hr/week of LTPA  
  Total No LTPA Quartile
1(lower)
Quartile
2
Quartile
3
Quartile
4 upper)
p value
Men, % 40.8 22.7 48.5 53.6 33.2 42.5 < 0.0001
Age (years) mean ± SD 70.3 ± 5.6 70.6 ± 5.9 71.3 ± 6.3 70.5 ± 5.7 69.9 ± 5.2 69.3 ± 4.7 0.002
Municipality of residence, %        0.003
   Rural 50.1 55.3 54.9 45.9 40.9 54.6  
   Urban 49.9 44.7 45.1 54.1 59.1 45.4  
Educational level, %        0.14
   No education 44.7 50.6 44.1 44.2 45.3 40.7  
   Primary 39.3 37.8 38.9 37.0 42.1 39.8  
   Secondary and university 16.1 11.6 17.0 18.8 12.7 19.5  
Tobacco consumption, %        0.002
   Never smoker 67.9 79.5 62.3 62.9 70.3 67.2  
   Former smoker 21.7 14.9 27.6 22.5 21.9 19.2  
   Current smoker 10.4 5.6 10.0 14.6 7.8 13.7  
Alcohol consumption, %        0.04
   Non drinker 45.1 52.8 44.8 38.4 50.2 39.8  
   Former drinker 8.6 9.9 9.6 6.7 8.2 8.5  
   Moderate drinker 35.6 30.3 36.7 42.5 29.2 39.2  
   Excessive drinker 10.8 7.0 8.9 12.4 12.5 12.5  
Diseases, %        
   Coronary disease 3.3 5.3 3.8 4.6 2.0 1.6 0.15
   Stroke 2.0 1.9 2.3 2.9 1.9 0.8 0.59
   Cancer and neoplasms 1.9 1.7 2.6 2.5 1.9 0.8 0.67
   COPD 14.9 14.0 15.3 16.3 14.8 13.7 0.95
   Diabetes mellitus 18.8 15.2 21.0 23.3 15.1 18.8 0.12
   Arterial hypertension 66.2 70.9 68.6 64.1 65.2 62.9 0.41
BMI (kg/m2 ), mean ± SD 29.1 ± 4.3 29.2 ± 4.5 29.2 ± 4.3 29.1 ± 4.9 28.9 ± 3.7 29.1 ± 4.4 0.79
Sitting hours/week,
mean ± SD
30.9 ± 1.4 31.5 ± 1.4 32.2 ± 1.5 32.9 ± 1.6 29.4 ± 1.4 28.0 ± 1.5 0.02
SF-36 scales, mean ± SD        
Physical functioning 74.1 ± 23.4 64.9 ± 25.4 70.3 ± 25.6 74.6 ± 23.2 77.8 ± 20.1 82.1 ± 18.2 < 0.0001
Physical role 74.9 ± 36.6 65.4 ± 40.0 70.5 ± 39.3 78.3 ± 35.5 78.1 ± 34.1 81.5 ± 31.3 < 0.0001
Bodily pain 64.9 ± 29.3 55.8 ± 28.6 62.4 ± 31.5 67.7 ± 29.1 69.8 ± 27.6 68.3 ± 26.7 < 0.0001
General health 58.9 ± 19.4 53.6 ± 19.3 57.7 ± 19.8 57.5 ± 19.4 61.5 ± 18.2 64.4 ± 18.8 < 0.0001
Vitality 65.9 ± 24.5 57.4 ± 24.9 64.7 ± 26.3 64.4 ± 24.9 68.9 ± 22.7 73.7 ± 19.9 < 0.0001
Social functioning 83.8 ± 25.0 74.5 ± 30.4 80.8 ± 26.9 84.0 ± 25.5 89.0 ± 19.2 89.8 ± 18.8 < 0.0001
Emotional role 79.1 ± 35.6 69.3 ± 41.3 77.2 ± 36.3 79.7 ± 36.2 83.6 ± 31.5 85.3 ± 30.1 < 0.0001
Mental health 71.8 ± 22.7 65.0 ± 24.3 71.4 ± 23.0 69.7 ± 24.2 75.5 ± 20.2 77.3 ± 19.5 < 0.0001
  1. BMI: Body mass index; COPD: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
  2. The cut-off points for LTPA quartiles in MET-hr/week were 14.0; 25.0 and 37.5 in men and 10.0; 21.3 and 26.3 in women.