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Table 4 Multivariate association between Oral Health-Related Quality of Life* and cohort attributes

From: Oral Health-Related Quality of Life among a large national cohort of 87,134 Thai adults

Attributes Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (Adjusted Odds Ratios)
  Speaking Swallowing Chewing Social Pain
Characteristics      
   Males   1 1 1 1
   Females   0.69[p = 0.00] 1.26[p = 0.00] 1.20[p = 0.00] 1.25[p = 0.00]
Age (years)      
   15-29 1 1 1 1 1
30-49 1.52 [p = 0.00] 1.53[p = 0.00] 1.77[p = 0.00] 1.09[p = 0.00] 0.92[p = 0.00]
50+ 2.02 [p = 0.00] 2.22[p = 0.00] 2.85[p = 0.00] 0.77[p = 0.00] 0.99[p = 0.90]
Income (Baht per month)      
   < 3000 1.40 [p = 0.00] 1.56[p = 0.01] 1.02 [p = 0.57] 1.30[p = 0.00] 1.31[p = 0.00]
   3001-7000 1.16 [p = 0.04] 1.70[p = 0.00] 1.09 [p = 0.00] 1.26[p = 0.00] 1.20[p = 0.00]
   7001-10000 1.07 [p = 0.45] 1.39[p = 0.01] 1.03 [p = 0.38] 1.17[p = 0.00] 1.13[p = 0.00]
   > 10000 1 1 1 1 1
Education      
   Up to high school 0.82[p = 0.00] 1.04[p = 0.72] 1.09[p = 0.00]   0.99[p = 0.79]
   Diploma/certificate 0.98[p = 0.80] 1.33[p = 0.03] 1.18 [p = 0.00]   1.07[p = 0.08]
   University degree 1 1 1   1
Household assets (Baht)      
   0-30,000    1.20[p = 0.00] 1.24[p = 0.00] 1.27[p = 0.00]
   30,001-60,000    1.14[p = 0.00] 1.16[p = 0.00] 1.17[p = 0.00]
   > 60,000    1 1 1
Lifecourse urbanization      
   Lifetime rural residents 1   1 1 1
   Rural-urban residents 1.10[p = 0.09]   1.07[p = 0.00] 1.06[p = 0.00] 1.05[p = 0.07]
   Lifetime urban residents 1.40[p = 0.01]   1.01[p = 0.64] 1.07[p = 0.00] 0.93[p = 0.03]
Health behaviours      
Smoking      
   Not a regular smoker 1 1 1 1 1
   Ever smoker 1.30[p = 0.00] 1.31[p = 0.04] 1.36[p = 0.00] 1.25[p = 0.00] 1.25[p = 0.00]
   A regular smoker 1.32[p = 0.00] 1.44[p = 0.01] 1.51[p = 0.00] 1.39[p = 0.00] 1.40[p = 0.00]
Alcohol drinking      
   Not a regular drinker 1   1 1 1
   A regular drinker 1.23 [p = 0.04]   1.26[p = 0.00] 1.24[p = 0.00] 1.27[p = 0.00]
Number of teeth      
   Remaining teeth ≥ 20 1 1 1 1 1
   Remaining teeth < 20 6.43[p = 0.00] 6.27[p = 0.00] 3.26[p = 0.00] 2.61[p = 0.00] 1.54[p = 0.00]
  1. Table displays results of one model for each of the five OHRQoL dimensions. Each model is based on backward stepwise multivariate logistic regression predicting the yes-no outcome for each of the five dimensions (Stata 10). Variables shown in each model were those retained as statistically significant at p < 0.05.