Skip to main content

Table 1 Sample characteristics at baseline: controls, patients with nasal congestion, and overall

From: Measuring outcomes in allergic rhinitis: psychometric characteristics of a Spanish version of the congestion quantifier seven-item test (CQ7)

  Patients Control  
  (n = 166) (n = 35) P*
Age, mean (SD), years 33.9 (11.9) 36.1 (11.7) NS
Male, n (%) 78 (47.3%) 8 (22.9%) 0.008
Highest educational level, n (%)    
No formal education 2 (1.21%) 0 (0.00%) 0.009
Primary 25 (15.2%) 5 (14.3%)  
Secondary 78 (47.3%) 7 (20.0%)  
Post-secondary 60 (36.4%) 23 (65.7%)  
Physician rating of NC severity, n (%)    
None 2 (1.2%) 33 (94.2%) <0.001
Mild 56 (33.7%) 2 (5.8%)  
Moderate 53 (31.9%) 0 (0.0%)  
Severe 43 (25.9%) 0 (0.0%)  
Very severe 12 (7.2%) 0 (0.0%)  
Patient rating of NC severity, n (%)    <0.001
None 2 (1.2%) 33 (94.3%)  
Very Mild 16 (9.6%) 1 (2.9%)  
Mild 40 (24.1%) 1 (2.9%)  
Moderate 53 (31.9%) 0 (0.0%)  
Severe 43 (25.9%) 0 (0.0%)  
Very severe 12 (7.2%) 0 (0.0%)  
Treatment    <0.001
Topical corticosteroids 72 (43.4%) 2 (5.7%)  
Oral corticosteroids 1 (0.8%) 0 (0%)  
Topical antihistamines 1 (0.6%) 0 (0%)  
Oral antihistamines 57 (34.3%) 2 (5.7%)  
Acoustic rhinometry,** mean (SD)    
Nasal volume (V 0-7 ) 18.6 (8.4) - -
mCSA 0.93 (0.45) - -
CQ7 score, mean (SD) 15.9 (5.2) 3.7 (4.3) <0.001
PGWBI score, mean (SD) 88.3 (13.3) 97.1 (14.3) <0.001
MOS Sleep score, mean (SD)    
Sleep problems index II 35.1 (17.5) 22.3 (15.4) <0.001
  1. NC: nasal congestion; TSS: Total Symptom Score; mCSA: minimum cross-sectional area; CQ7: Congestion Quantifier 7 item; PGWBI: Psychological General Well-Being Index; MOS: Medical Outcomes Study