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Table 1 Parent and child characteristics from the study (n = 121)

From: Cross - cultural adaptation and preliminary validation of the Turkish version of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale among 5-6-year-old children

Parent & child characteristics  
Parent demographics n (%)
Relationship to the child  
Mother 94 (77.7)
Guardian/Grandparent/Other 27 (22.3)
Educational level  
Primary or lower 59 (48.8)
Secondary 43 (35.5)
Higher 19 (15.7)
Employment Status  
Employed full-time or part-time 41 (33.9)
Unemployed 80 (66.1)
Monthly Family Incomea , Mean (SD) 1350.66 (605.46)
Child demographics  
Gender  
Male 56 (46.3)
Female 65 (53.7)
Age (years), Mean (SD) 5.25 (0.43)
Child's caries experience  
dmft score, Mean (SD) 3.87 (3.96)
Gingival index score, Mean (SD) 0.36 (0.59)
Decayed teeth  
None 28 (23.1)
1-3 42 (34.7)
≥ 4 51 (42.1)
Child's dental attendance patterns  
Never 63 (52.1)
Problem based 22 (18.2)
Regular dental check-ups 36 (29.8)
  1. a Monthly Family Income measured in TRY (Turkish Lira, 1 TRY ≈ 0.516 EUR)