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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of participants at baseline by group

From: Health-related quality of life and self-related health in patients with type 2 diabetes: Effects of group-based rehabilitation versus individual counselling

  Rehabilitation group Individual group
N 70 73
Male/Female 41/29 (59/41) 44/29 (60/40)
Age, years 58.5 ± 9.0 58.0 ± 10.3
Diabetes duration,
years (range)
6.7 (0-37) 6.4 (0-24)
- Newly diagnosed diabetes 14 (20) 12 (15)
HbA1c, % 7.9 ± 0.8 7.8 ± 0.9
Weight, kg 96.2 ± 15.2 98.2 ± 24.8
Smokers/Ex-smokers 15/27 (21/39) 13/36 (18/49)
No antidiabetic drugs 9 (13) 17 (23)
OAD only 48 (68) 46 (63)
Insulin 13 (19) 10 (14)
Microalbuminuria 9 (13) 14 (19)
Macroalbuminuria 3 (4) 3 (4)
Retinopathy 4 (6) 3 (4)
Peripheral neuropathy 28 (40) 24 (33)
Cardiovascular event 8 (11) 9 (12)
  1. Mean ± SD or N (%). OAD: Oral Antidiabetic Drug. Microalbuminuria was defined as a urine Albumin:Creatinine Ratio (ACR) ≥ 2.5 - 25 mg/mmol in men and ≥ 3.5 - 25 mg/mmol in women. Macroalbuminuria: ARC > 25 mg/mmol. Peripheral neuropathy was defined as biothesiometric value > 25 volt. Cardiovascular event: Myocardial infarction, Coronary revascularization, Angina pectoris or Stroke.