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Table 4 Standardized mean domain and subdomain scores and 95% confidence intervals (95%) of Spanish CHIP-CE/PRF version by gender, age, highest family level of education, and effect size (ES) (n = 865)

From: Reliability and validity of the Spanish version of the Child Health and Illness Profile (CHIP) Child-Edition, Parent Report Form (CHIP-CE/PRF)

CHIP-CE/PEF domains
Age and gender Sons (n = 417) Daughters (n = 448)
  6-7 y
(n = 111)
8-12 y
(n = 306)
ES
(younger vs. older)
6-7 y
(n = 103)
8-12 y
(n = 345)
ES
(younger vs. older)
Satisfaction 50.9 (48.7-53.0) 50.4 (49.5-51.3) 0.06 52.7 (49.5-55.8) 48.7 (47.3-49.9) 0.33
   Satisfaction with health 50.9 (49.7-52.2) 50.4 (49.5-51.4) 0.07 51.4 (48.3-54.6) 49.0 (47.6-50.2) 0.21
   Self-esteem 50.7 (48.2-53.2) 50.2 (49.3-51.2) 0.05 52.8 (49.9-55.6) 48.8 (47.5-50.0) 0.35
Comfort 50.4 (48.2-52.6) 50.2 (49.1-51.3) 0.02 48.6 (46.1-51.2) 50.1 (48.9-51.4) 0.13
   Physical comfort 50.7 (48.7-52.6) 50.9 (49.8-51.9) 0.02 47.7 (45.3-50.1) 49.7 (48.7-50.8) 0.21
   Emotional comfort 50.1 (47.5-52.7) 49.7 (48.4-51.0) 0.03 50.6 (48.2-52.9) 50.0 (48.8-51.3) 0.05
   Restricted activity 50.2 (48.1-52.2) 49.9 (48.9-51.0) 0.03 48.3 (46.0-50.6) 50.5 (49.4-51.6) 0.23
Resilience 49.6 (47.7-51.5) 50.3 (49.4-51.3) 0.10 51.5 (47.4-55.5) 49.4 (48.1-50.7) 0.16
   Family involvement 53.6 (52.6-54.7) 49.3 (48.2-50.5) 0.49 53.3 (50.2-56.4) 48.4 (47.2-49.6) 0.43
   Social problem-solving 47.2 (45.5-48.9) 48.7 (47.5-49.8) 0.16 52.1 (48.4-55.7) 51.4 (50.1-52.8) 0.05
   Physical activity 50.0 (47.9-52.1) 53.3 (51.9-54.8) 0.30 46.9 (45.6-48.2) 48.0 (46.9-49.0) 0.12
Risk Avoidance 45.8 (43.0-48.7) 48.1 (46.6-49.7) 0.18 52.0 (48.4-55.6) 52.4 (51.2-53.5) 0.03
   Individual risk avoidance 45.1 (42.3-48.0) 49.5 (48.1-50.9) 0.37 49.7 (46.3-53.2) 52.1 (50.8-53.4) 0.19
   Threats to achievement 48.1 (45.8-50.3) 47.3 (45.8-48.9) 0.06 53.8 (50.8-56.7) 51.8 (50.9-52.8) 0.19
Achievement 50.1(48.2-52.1) 49.0 (47.5-50.4) 0.11 53.5 (50.7-56.3) 49.9 (48.5-51.2) 0.31
   Academic performance 50.8 (48.3-53.4) 48.8 (47.3-50.3) 0.17 54.0 (51.1-57.0) 49.6 (48.5-50.7) 0.43
   Peer relations 48.9 (47.8-49.9) 49.7 (48.7-50.7) 0.11 50.8 (48.7-52.9) 50.4 (48.9-51.9) 0.03
Highest family level of education Primary school
(n = 150)
Secondary school
(n = 322)
University degree
(n = 371)
ES
(secondary vs. primary school)
ES
(university vs. secondary school)
ES
(university vs. primary school)
Satisfaction 51.6 (49.8-53.3) 50.7 (49.4-51.9) 48.9 (47.9-49.9) 0.08 0.18 0.28
   Satisfaction with health 51.3 (49.7-52.7) 50.9 (49.8-52.3) 48.8 (47.9-49.8) 0.03 0.19 0.27
   Self-esteem 51.5 (49.5-53.5) 50.3 (49.2-51.4) 49.2 (48.2-50.2) 0.12 0.12 0.23
Comfort 48.1 (46.3-49.9) 50.1 (48.8-51.4) 50.8 (49.8-51.8) 0.18 0.07 0.28
   Physical comfort 47.5 (46.2-48.8) 50.3 (49.0-51.5) 51.1 (52.2-52.0) 0.28 0.09 0.44
   Emotional comfort 49.7 (47.8-51.6) 50.0 (48.7-51.3) 50.1 (48.8-51.3) 0.02 0.00 0.03
   Restricted activity 48.1 (46.4-49.8) 50.0 (48.7-51.3) 50.8 (49.9-51.7) 0.17 0.08 0.31
Resilience 49.3 (47.5-51.1) 50.5 (49.5-51.6) 49.9 (49.2-50.7) 0.13 0.07 0.08
   Family involvement 49.0 (46.8-51.3) 50.2 (48.8-51.6) 50.2 (49.1-51.4) 0.12 0.00 0.10
   Social problem-solving 50.2 (48.7-51.6) 50.3 (49.1-51.4) 49.8 (48.8-50.8) 0.01 0.05 0.04
   Physical activity 49.3 (47.5-51.2) 50.6 (49.3-51.8) 50.0 (49.1-51.0) 0.12 0.05 0.08
Risk Avoidance 51.4 (49.2-53.7) 49.8 (48.5-51.1) 49.5 (48.1-51.0) 0.14 0.02 0.14
   Individual risk avoidance 52.4 (50.7-54.2) 49.8 (48.5-51.2) 49.0 (47.3-50.8) 0.23 0.06 0.24
   Threats to achievement 49.8 (47.4-52.3) 49.8 (48.6-51.0) 50.3 (49.0-51.5) 0.00 0.04 0.03
Achievement 47.5 (45.2-49.8) 49.3 (48.3-50.4) 51.8 (50.6-52.9) 0.17 0.24 0.36
   Academic performance 46.5 (44.1-48.8) 48.8 (47.8-49.8) 52.7 (51.5-53.8) 0.22 0.39 0.53
   Peer relations 50.7 (49.0-52.3) 50.6 (49.6-51.7) 49.2 (48.0-50.4) 0.01 0.13 0.13
  1. Mean domain scores are standardized to an arbitrary mean of 50 and 1 SD = 10.