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Table 2 SF-36 and GHQ scores in three groups of orofacial pain patients and reference values.

From: TMD pain: the effect on health related quality of life and the influence of pain duration

  reference 1 2 3
Scale Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
n = 15
Mean (SD)
n = 16
Mean (SD)
n = 64
SF-36 PFa 83.0 (22.8) 92.1 (8.1)*3 74.2 (33.1) 72.3 (25.7)*1
SF-36 RPa 76.4 (36.3) 54.2 (38.1) 71.2 (3.6) 3 41.2 (39.7)*2
SF-36 BPa 74.9 (23.4) 66.1 (20.4)3 53.2 (27.5)* 48.5 (19.7)*1
SF-36 GHa 70.7 (20.7) 53.0 (23.4)* 55.8 (18.7)* 54.4 (20.6)*
SF-36 VTa 68.8 (19.3) 52.9 (14.9)* 49.3 (21.6)* 55.2 (19.4)*
SF-36 SFa 84.0 (22.4) 74.0 (22.9) 66.0 (29.2)* 66.7 (23.4)*
SF-36 REa 82.3 (32.9) 66.7 (31.8) 81.0 (55.0) 80.9 (34.1)
SF-36 MHa 76.8 (17.4) 66.4 (12.5) 60.6 (17.9)3 73.2 (13.0)2
GHQAb 6.2 6.7 (4.1) 6.3 (4.1) 8.2 (4.0)*
GHQBb 5.8 2.8 (2.1)2 7.5 (3.6)1 5.9 (4.4)
GHQCb 7.0 6.6 (1.8) 3 8.2 (3.3) 8.3 (2.3)*1
GHQDb 1.6 0.8 (1.8) 2.7 (3.5) 1.9 (3.0)
  1. Values in mean (standard deviation, * p < 0.05 from reference values, in superscript the group to which the value is statistically different; reference values from a Aaronson et al.[19], b Koeter & Ormel [23].
  2. (PF, physical functioning; RP, Role limitations physical; BP, bodily pain; GH, general health; VT, vitality; SF, social functioning; RE, role limitations emotional; MH, mental health; SD, standard deviation; GHQA, somatic symptoms; GHQB, anxiety and insomnia; GHQC, social dysfunction; GHQD, severe depression; P, P-value)
  3. 1. group with complaints of one year or shorter
  4. 2. group with complaints within 1 and 3 years
  5. 3. group with complaints longer than 3 years.