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Table 5 Known-groups validity of the Japanese version of the PedsQL™ Brain Tumor Module

From: Development of the Japanese version of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ Brain Tumor Module

  Child-report Parent-report
  Number of patients (n) Mean SD Difference 95% CI
( P ) a
Number of tients (n) Mean SD Difference 95% CI
( P ) a
Cognitive Problems             
Have received whole brain irradiation             
    Yes 54 66.4 23.6 5.3 -2.3 12.9 56 59.1 22.4 8.4 0.8 16.0
    No 83 71.7 20.7   (0.168) 84 67.5 22.3   (0.031)
Experiencing developmental impairment             
    Yes 27 57.1 26.7 15.5 6.5 24.5 28 42.2 22.9 27.4 19.1 35.7
    No 110 72.7 19.6   (< 0.001) 112 69.6 19.0   (< 0.001)
Movement and Balance             
Tumor location             
    Infratentorial 52 74.7 29.0 15.0 6.6 23.4 67 57.0 28.0 23.2 14.7 31.7
    Supratentorial 79 89.7 19.8   (< 0.001) 93 80.2 26.1   (< 0.001)
Experiencing paresis of hands or legs             
    Yes 28 57.7 32.6 32.9 24.2 41.6 35 33.6 24.6 46.7 38.3 55.1
    No 108 90.7 16.4   (< 0.001) 131 80.3 21.7   (< 0.001)
Nausea             
Currently undergoing chemotherapy             
    Yes 36 72.1 29.4 18.7 11.2 26.3 46 62.6 27.9 30.0 23.6 36.4
    No 100 90.8 14.7   (< 0.001) 118 92.6 13.6   (< 0.001)
  1. aP-value from Student's t test
  2. CI, confidence interval