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Table 3 Adjusted mean QOL for women with breast cancer compared with the general population stratified by residence location

From: Does quality of life among breast cancer survivors one year after diagnosis differ depending on urban and non-urban residence? A comparative study

Quality of life Residence General population Breast cancer survivors Difference between groups
   Mean a 95% CI Mean a 95% CI P -Value clinical b
Physical well-being (0-28) urban 25.0 24.8, 25.3 24.2 23.8, 24.6 < 0.01
  non-urban 25.1 24.7, 25.5 22.7 22.2, 23.2 < 0.01
Social well-being (0-28) urban 19.9 19.5, 20.4 22.4 21.6, 23.2 < 0.01
  non-urban 19.6 19.0, 20.2 22.4 21.7, 23.1 < 0.01
Emotional well-being (0-24) urban 21.1 20.8, 21.4 19.6 19.1, 20.0 < 0.01
  non-urban 20.9 20.5, 21.2 19.2 18.8, 19.7 < 0.01
Functional well-being (0-28) urban 20.6 20.2, 21.1 22.0 21.3, 22.7 < 0.01
  non-urban 20.2 19.7, 20.8 21.6 21.0, 22.3 < 0.01
FACT-G (0-108) urban 86.9 85.8, 88.0 88.0 86.3, 89.8 0.28
  non-urban 85.8 84.4, 87.3 86.2 84.4, 87.9 0.79
  1. Abbreviations:
  2. FACT-G: Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General.
  3. Notes:
  4. (a) Adjusted for age (years), marital status (married or living as married, not married), education level (low, moderate, high), private health insurance status (yes, no), smoking status (never smoked, past smoker, current smoker), physical activity (sedentary, insufficient, sufficient), body mass index (underweight/healthy, overweight, obese, missing), and co-morbidities (none, one, two, three or more).
  5. (b) ✗: clinically meaningful difference between groups (two+ points for physical, social, emotional and functional well-being, five+ points for FACT-G); : no clinically meaningful difference between groups.