Skip to main content

Table 1 Participant Characteristics

From: Does quality of life among breast cancer survivors one year after diagnosis differ depending on urban and non-urban residence? A comparative study

Characteristics Urban general populationa(n = 675) Urban breast cancer survivorsb (n = 277) Non-urban general populationa (n = 465) Non-urban breast cancer survivors (n = 323)
  n % n % n % n %
Demographic characteristics         
Age (years)     *     
   <50 298 57.0 99 30.0 185 55.6 107 33.1
   50+ 377 43.0 178 70.0 280 44.4 216 66.9
Marital status     *    
   Married, or living as married 520 77.6 186 66.6 361 80.1 248 76.8
   Not married 155 22.4 91 33.4 104 19.9 75 23.2
Education level     *     *
   Grade 10 or below 219 30.2 125 46.5 186 37.0 173 53.6
   Grade 12/Trade/TAFE 278 42.5 95 33.7 183 40.7 102 31.6
   University or college degree 178 27.3 57 19.9 96 22.3 48 14.9
Private health insurance status     *    
   Yes 398 58.0 200 72.4 222 48.5 140 43.3
   No 277 42.0 77 27.6 243 51.5 183 56.7
General health characteristics         
Smoking status         
   Never smoked 364 53.6 163 59.3 250 52.9 184 57.0
   Past smoker 216 31.2 84 30.0 149 31.7 102 31.6
   Current smoker 95 15.2 30 10.7 66 15.3 37 11.5
Physical activityc         *
   Sedentary 94 17.5 34 12.6 81 13.7 68 21.1
   Insufficient activity 194 27.9 67 23.9 125 29.4 55 17.0
   Sufficient activity 387 54.6 176 63.5 259 57.0 200 61.9
Body mass index (kg/m2)     *    
   Underweight/Normal (up to 24.9) 335 41.5 108 38.5 183 50.7 116 35.9
   Overweight (25-29.9) 203 27.4 80 29.0 134 29.6 91 28.2
   Obese (30+) 106 25.1 55 20.0 119 14.9 100 31.0
   Missing 31 6.0 34 12.5 29 4.7 16 5.0
Number of co-morbiditiesd     *     *
   None 126 21.6 68 23.8 84 21.4 55 17.0
   One 158 19.0 68 23.7 79 24.7 74 22.9
   Two 133 19.7 69 25.6 95 19.2 79 24.5
   Three or more 258 39.6 72 27.0 206 34.7 115 35.6
Clinical characteristics         
Adjuvant treatment - -    - -  
   None    42 15.8    59 18.3
   Chemotherapy only    34 11.3    33 10.2
   Radiotherapy only    119 43.8    105 32.5
   Both    82 29.1    126 39.0
Number of complicationse - -    - -  
   None    54 19.7    133 41.2
   Yes, one to four    223 80.3    190 58.8
  1. Abbreviations:
  2. * Statistically significant difference (P < 0.05) between the general population and breast cancer survivors by place of location.
  3. † Statistically significant difference (P < 0.05) between urban and non-urban breast cancer survivors.
  4. Notes:
  5. (a) Column percentages are standardized to the 2003 Queensland population by age.
  6. (b) Column percentages have been weighted to correct for sampling.
  7. (c) 'Sedentary' is defined as no activity; 'Insufficient' time is defined as participating in some activity but less than 150 minutes per week, using the sum of walking, moderate activity and vigorous activity (weighted by 2); 'Sufficient' time is defined as 150 minutes per week, using the sum of walking, moderate activity and vigorous activity (weighted by 2) [45].
  8. (d) Co-morbidities include heart conditions, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, stroke, diabetes, lung conditions, stomach or duodenal ulcer, migraine or headaches, arthritis, cancer other than breast, depression and other prolonged or serious illness.
  9. (e) Complications include wound infection, other infection, skin reaction, seroma.