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Table 6 Coding of validity criteria for each measure.

From: Measuring the psychosocial health of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors: a critical review

Measure Face/Content validity Construct validity
   Convergent r > 0.40 Divergent r < 0.30 Known groups (discriminate) Factor Analysis Eigenvalues > 1
AQoL [35] Assessed by survivors
Review of literature
Item wording, redundancy
Pilot test (n = 7)
- Receiving treatment (n = 41)
Not receiving treatment (n = 34)
P = 0.000
6 factors
Represented 66.5% of variance
MMQL Adolescent Forrm [52] Assessed by survivors
Focus group (n = 20)
Interviews (n = 20)
Pilot test 1st (n = 10) 2nd (n = 10)
Child Health Questionnaire - Child Form
Hypotheses supported
42 correlations > 0.40
Healthy adolescents (n = 129)
On therapy (n = 110)
Off therapy (n = 158)
P < 0.05 for 4 domains
-
PedsQL 3.0 Cancer Module (C&A) [55] Adapted from Pediatric Cancer Quality of Life Inventory (PCQL), PedsQL 1.0 Cancer Module, and PedsQL PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scale
PedsQL Multidimensional Fatigue Scale
Hypotheses supported
34 correlations > 0.40
On treatment (n = 106)
Off treatment < 1 year (n = 41)
Off treatment > 1 year (n = 73)
P < 0.05 for 3 domains
-
QOL-CS [16] - Cancer Specific Worry Scale
Psychosocial Worry Scale
General Health Worry Scale
Hypotheses supported
9 correlations > 0.40
Other condition (Y = 28, N = 148)
After-effects (Y = 86, N = 90)
Income (< $25 K = 36, > $25 K = 127)
Gender (F = 101, M = 75)
Marital status
P < 0.05 for 5 factors
6 factors
Represented 56.2% of variance
PCQL-32 [60] Assessed by survivors
Review of literature
Interviews and pilot test
Item wording, relevance, redundancy, reduction [59]
Children' Depression Inventory
Stait-Trait Anxiety Inventory-32 (Child)
Social Support Scale (Child/Adoles)
Self-Perception Profile (Child/Adoles)
Child Behaviour Checklist
Hypotheses Supported
10 correlations > 0.40
15 correlations < 0.30
On treatment (n = 125)
Off treatment (n = 156)
P < 0.05 for total scale and 3 domains
-
PCQL Modular Approach [62] Adapted from the PCQL long form and PCQL-32 - On treatment (n = 125)
Off treatment (n = 156)
P < 0.05 for the core and symptom modules
-
PIE [63] Assessed by survivors
Interviews (n = 15)
Item reduction
Rotterdam Symptom Checklist
Functional Disability Inventory
Restrictions Scale
Psychological Symptoms
Hypotheses Supported
9 correlations > 0.40
20 correlations < 0.30
Younger children
Older Children
Maintenance treatment
Completed treatment
P < 0.05 for 2 domains
-
   SF-36
Functional Evaluation Scale
Hypotheses Supported
38 correlations > 0.40
44 correlations < 0.30 [64]
  
  1. *Data taken from the publication referenced in the Measure column unless otherwise referenced within the table.