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Table 1 Characteristics of the respondents according to diabetes type, number (%), unless otherwise specified

From: Health-related quality of life in diabetes: The associations of complications with EQ-5D scores

  Type 1 Type 2
n 165 356
Demographics   
Sex, female 87 (53) 157 (44)
Age, mean (SD) 47.0 (14.9) 64.0 (11.7)
Annual family income (1000 NOK), mean (SD) 666 (908) 713 (3051)
Complication risk factors   
Diabetes duration (years), mean (SD) 22.1 (14.2) 10.0 (8.1)
Current smoking 47 (29) 62 (18)
Daily smoker 22 (14) 42 (12)
Occasional smoker 25 (15) 20 (6)
Previous smokers 86 (55) 200 (61)
Body mass index, kg/m2 , mean (SD) 25.8 (4.8) 28.9 (5.1)
Medication   
Number of oral antidiabetic agents   
   0 159 (96) 103 (29)
   1 4 (2) 149 (42)
   2 2 (1) 87 (24)
   3 --- 16 (5)
   4 --- 1 (0.3)
Insulin   
Short-acting insulin 152 (92) 68 (19)
Long-acting insulin 103 (62) 98 (28)
Insulin glargine (Lantus) or insulin detemir (Levemir) 51 (31) 11 (3)
Antihypertensives 52 (33) 217 (63)
Cholesterol lowering drug 45 (28) 205 (59)
Self-reported complications   
Impaired vision 31 (19) 51 (14)
Myocardial infarction 4 (2) 38 (11)
Angina 10 (6) 27 (8)
Reduced kidney function (Proteinuria) 15 (9) 24 (7)
Kidney transplant 1 (1) 2 (1)
Foot ulcer 6 (4) 13 (4)
Amputation 2 (1) 1 (0.3)
Stroke 5 (3) 19 (5)
Neuropathy 12 (7) 17 (5)
Other 37 (22) 53 (15)
None 79 (47) 161 (45)