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Table 3 Multivariate Cox regression analysis of risk factors for MACCE and all-cause mortality in older women after MI (N = 145).

From: Patient-reported outcomes as predictors of 10-year survival in women after acute myocardial infarction

Predictor variables MACCE n = 52 All-cause mortality n = 59
  HR CI p-value HR CI p-value
Socio-demographics:       
Cohabitation status    <0.001    <0.001
   - Living alone 6.07 (2.69-13.69)   6.24 (2.68-14.51)  
   - Cohabitation (ref)    (ref)   
Conventional predictors:       
Creatinine     1.26 (1.01-1.56) 0.041
Diabetes mellitus 3.89 (1.29-11.73) 0.016    
Left ventricular ejection fraction    0.023    0.004
   - >60% (ref)    (ref)   0.236
   - 30-60% 0.82 (0.39-1.74) 0.604 0.60 (0.26-1.40) 0.236
   - <30% 11.12 (1.86-66.52) 0.008 27.38 (3.18-235.76) 0.003
Patient-report:       
Physical health domain 1.17 (0.89-1.55) 0.267 1.13 (0.88-1.46) 0.322
Psychological domain 0.64 (0.43-0.95) 0.026 0.60 (0.40-0.90) 0.015
Social relationships domain 0.67 (0.50-0.92) 0.012 1.37 (0.90-2.09) 0.144
Environmental domain 1.77 (1.24-2.53) 0.002 1.90 (1.30-2.77) 0.001
Self-rated health    0.209    0.028
   - dissatisfied/very dissatisfied 2.44 (0.59-10.12) 0.220 6.26 (1.63-24.01) 0.007
   - neither satisfied nor dissatisfied 0.77 (0.28-2.10) 0.605 2.56 (0.86-7.57) 0.090
   - satisfied/very satisfied (ref)    (ref)   
Positive effects of illness    0.001    0.001
   - yes 5.13 (1.88-14.02)   6.30 (2.22-17.83)  
   - no (ref)    (ref)   
Sense of coherence 1.02 (0.82-1.27) 0.850 1.05 (0.83-1.32) 0.692
  1. Adjusted for age and time since MI. Significant results are shown in bold.
  2. MACCE, major adverse cardiac and cerebral events.
  3. Hazard ratios for WHOQOL-BREF subscales and sence of coherence are per 10 points differences, for creatinine per 10% increase.