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Table 1 Comparison of Participant Characteristics in the LLDI Developmental Sample and LIFE-P at Baselinea

From: Evaluation of the late life disability instrument in the lifestyle interventions and independence for elders pilot (LIFE-P) study

Characteristic LLD Developmental Sample b
(Percentage)
LIFE-P
N 150 424
Age
   60-69 27.3 0
   70-79 40.7 72.9
   80-89 26.7 27.1
   90+ 5.3 0
Gender - Women 77.3 68.9
Race
   White 84.0 74.3
   Black 7.3 18.2
   Asian 2.7 0.7
   Hispanic 5.3 4.7
   American Indian 0.7 0.9
   Other 0 1.0
   Missing 0 0.2
Education
   High School or less 38.7 30.0
   Bachelor/certificate degree 44.7 45.8
   Graduate/professional degree 16.6 21.2
   Other 0 2.8
   Missing 0 0.2
Marital Status--Married 39.3 39.5
Living Arrangements
   Alone 45.3 45.1
   With spouse (only) 33.3 39.2
   With family 18.0 14.4
   With nonfamily 3.4 1.4
Disability Limitation Scaled Score - mean
   Total 68.6 69.3, 71.4, 71.2 c
   Instrumental Role 67.2 68.7, 71.1, 70.8
   Management Role 86.3 83.8, 84.9, 84.7
Self-Reported Conditions
   Heart condition 10.0 13.0d
   Chronic pulmonary condition 10.0 13.7
   Anxiety/depression 6.0 29.7
   Stroke 6.0 4.7
   Diabetes 3.3 17.7
   Hip fracture 2.6 3.1
   Liver disease 2.6 2.6
   Cancer 1.3 17.5
  1. a except disability limitation scaled score which has been presented at three time points
  2. b From Jette et al (2002).
  3. c The numbers are in order: baseline, month 6, and month 12
  4. d Combine heart failure and heart attack