Skip to main content

Table 1 Description of the study sample (n = 102)

From: Health-related Quality of Life in Vacuum-Assisted Breast Biopsy: short-term effects, long-term effects and predictors

Categorical variables Frequency (%)
Sociodemographic parameters and lifestyle habits  
Place of residence  
Urban 72 (70.6)
Rural 30 (29.4)
Education  
Primary education 21 (20.6)
Secondary education 44 (43.1)
Technological educational institute 10 (9.8)
University 22 (21.6)
Postgraduate university education 5 (4.9)
Professional risk  
Low (permanent employees and housewives) 68 (66.7)
High (non-permanent job or self-employed) 34 (33.3)
Marrital status  
Married/living with partner 84 (82.3)
Single 7 (6.9)
Divorced 5 (4.9)
Widowed 6 (5.9)
Current smoking  
Yes 27 (26.5)
No 75 (73.5)
Breast-related parameters  
Mastalgia  
Yes 30 (29.4)
No 72 (70.6)
Presence of fibrocystic disease  
Yes 47 (46.1)
No 55 (53.9)
Breast cancer history in a first-degree relative  
Yes 8 (7.8)
No 94 (92.2)
Reproductive history  
Menopausal status  
Premenopausal 43 (42.2)
Postmenopausal 59 (57.8)
Number of prior caesarian sections  
None 86 (84.3)
One 7 (6.9)
Two 7 (6.9)
Three 2 (1.9)
VABB-related features and histological classification  
Histological classification  
Nonproliferative lesions  
    Mild epithelial hyperplasia 9 (8.8)
    Ductal ectasia 5 (4.9)
    Nonsclerosing adenosis 1 (1.0)
    Periductal fibrosis 4 (3.9)
    Multiple coexisting nonproliferative lesions 15 (14.7)
Proliferative lesions  
    Moderate ductal hyperplasia without atypia 15 (14.7)
    Sclerosing adenosis 7 (6.9)
    Radial scar 1 (1.0)
    Intraductal papilloma 5 (4.9)
    Intraductal papillomatosis 1 (1.0)
    Multiple coexisting proliferative lesions 13 (12.7)
Fat necrosis 1 (1.0)
Fibroadenomas  
    Without coexisting lesions 11 (10.8)
    With coexisting nonproliferative lesions 8 (7.8)
    With coexisting proliferative lesions 6 (5.9)
BI-RADS classification  
BI-RADS 3 36 (35.3)
BI-RADS 4 66 (64.7)
Hematoma  
Yes 7 (6.9)
No 95 (93.1)
Biopsy season  
Spring 28 (27.5)
Summer 26 (25.4)
Autumn 31 (30.4)
Winter 17 (16.7)
Continuous variables Mean ± SD (median)
Age (years) 51.3 ± 8.8 (50.5)
BMI (kg/m2) 25.4 ± 3.9 (24.8)
Personal income (euro) 870 ± 860 (735)
Number of offspring 1.8 ± 1.0 (2.0)
Volume of tissue excised (cc) 4.0 ± 3.2 (3.0)