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Table 3 Under- and overestimation of symptoms by health care providers as compared to patients

From: Health care providers underestimate symptom intensities of cancer patients: A multicenter European study

Symptom (difference) Health care provider underestimation Good agreement Health care provider overestimation
  -3 -2 % 0 ± 1 % 2 3 %
Pain 28 148 9.2 904 822 90.0 16 0 0.8
Fatigue 32 226 13.4 795 838 84.9 30 2 1.7
Generalized weakness 26 178 10.6 781 883 86.8 44 4 2.5
Anorexia 127 243 19.4 865 636 78.5 33 8 2.1
Depression 50 149 10.4 1028 652 88.1 28 1 1.5
Constipation 66 156 11.6 1101 570 87.2 21 3 1.3
Poor sleep 46 150 10.2 1037 649 88.0 26 7 1.7
Dyspnea 41 153 10.1 1127 577 88.8 17 5 1.1
Nausea 50 149 10.3 1177 534 88.9 13 1 0.7
Vomiting 39 87 6.5 1445 346 93.0 8 0 0.4
Diarrhea 33 106 7.3 1465 307 92.5 4 1 0.3
  1. Number and percentage of patient-provider pairs with symptom scores showing good agreement (health care provider minus patient score within ± 1), considerable underestimation (health care provider minus patient score ≤ -2) and considerable overestimation (health care provider minus patient score ≥ 2).