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Table 4 Adjusted Differences in HUI2 Scores by Demographic, Social, Health and Clinical Characteristics of Older Female and Male Home Care Clients

From: Sex differences in the relative contribution of social and clinical factors to the Health Utilities Index Mark 2 measure of health-related quality of life in older home care clients

  Regression Coeff.a (SE) Females Regression Coeff.a (SE) Males
Age Group     
    < 75 Ref   Ref  
    75-84 -0.03 (0.02) p = 0.2009 -0.01 (0.04) p = 0.7350
    85+ -0.004 (0.03) p = 0.8771 -0.005 (0.05) p = 0.9168
Caregiver Stress     
    no indicators Ref   Ref  
    1+ indicator(s) -0.08 (0.03) p = 0.0019 -0.11 (0.04) p = 0.0081
Reports Feels Lonely     
    no Ref   Ref  
    yes -0.02 (0.02) p = 0.3289 -0.04 (0.04) p = 0.3205
Self-Rated Health     
    good/excellent Ref   Ref  
    poor -0.06 (0.02) p = 0.0056 -0.08 (0.04) p = 0.0478
Arthritis     
    no Ref   Ref  
    yes -0.05 (0.02) p = 0.0093 -0.03 (0.03) p = 0.3807
Congestive Heart Failure     
    no Ref   Ref  
    yes -0.03 (0.02) p = 0.1634 -0.03 (0.04) p = 0.3398
Peripheral Vascular Disease     
    no Ref   Ref  
    yes -0.03 (0.03) p = 0.3191 0.01 (0.04) p = 0.7597
Emphysema/COPD     
    no Ref   Ref  
    yes 0.02 (0.02) p = 0.3609 -0.008 (0.04) p = 0.8339
Osteoporosis     
    no Ref   Ref  
    yes -0.003 (0.02) p = 0.8880 -0.02 (0.05) p = 0.6497
Psychiatric Diagnosis     
    no Ref   Ref  
    yes -0.05 (0.02) p = 0.0265 -0.03 (0.04) p = 0.3819
Bladder Incontinence     
    no Ref   Ref  
    yes -0.05 (0.02) p = 0.0085 -0.04 (0.04) p = 0.3619
Pressure Ulcer     
    no Ref   Ref  
    yes (any stage 1-4) -0.05 (0.06) p = 0.4011 -0.001 (0.06) p = 0.9813
    missing value -0.06 (0.04) p = 0.1078 -0.17 (0.09) p = 0.0508
Urinary Tract Infection     
    No Ref   Ref  
    Yes -0.05 (0.05) p = 0.3461 -0.23 (0.10) p = 0.0168
  n = 351, R 2 0.17   n = 138; R 2 0.22  
  1. a Obtained from multivariable linear regression model, adjusting for all variables listed in table.