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Table 1 Distributiona of Demographic, Social, Health and Clinical Characteristics of Older Home Care Clients assessed during 2002-2004

From: Sex differences in the relative contribution of social and clinical factors to the Health Utilities Index Mark 2 measure of health-related quality of life in older home care clients

  Total
(n = 514)
Female Clients
(n = 372)
Male Clients
(n = 142)
p valueb
Age mean (SD) 80.5 (8.4) 81.4 (7.9) 78.0 (9.3) 0.0002
    < 75 137 (26.7) 85 (22.9) 52 (36.6) 0.0018
    75-84 222 (43.2) 162 (43.6) 60 (42.3)  
    85+ 155 (30.2) 125 (33.6) 30 (21.1)  
Marital Status     < 0.0001
    Married 158 (30.7) 70 (18.8) 88 (62.0)  
    Widowed 279 (54.3) 244 (65.6) 35 (24.7)  
    Other 77 (15.0) 58 (15.6) 19 (13.4)  
Caregiver Stress     0.0890
    no indicators 423 (83.3) 312 (85.0) 111 (78.7)  
    1+ indicator(s) 85 (16.7) 55 (15.0) 30 (21.3)  
Reports Feels Lonely     0.0197
    no 390 (77.1) 270 (74.2) 120 (84.5)  
    yes 116 (22.9) 94 (25.8) 22 (15.5)  
Self-Rated Health     0.0118
    good/excellent 349 (69.0) 240 (65.8) 109 (77.3)  
    poor 157 (31.0) 125 (34.3) 32 (22.7)  
Arthritis     < 0.0001
    no 226 (44.0) 143 (38.4) 83 (58.5)  
    yes 288 (56.0) 229 (61.6) 59 (41.6)  
Congestive Heart Failure     0.1984
    no 386 (75.1) 285 (76.6) 101 (71.1)  
    yes 128 (24.9) 87 (23.4) 41 (28.9)  
Peripheral Vascular Disease     0.1185
    no 440 (85.6) 324 (87.1) 116 (81.7)  
    yes 74 (14.4) 48 (12.9) 26 (18.3)  
Hypertension     0.1639
    no 228 (44.4) 158 (42.5) 70 (49.3)  
    yes 286 (55.6) 214 (57.5) 72 (50.7)  
Emphysema/COPD     0.2158
    no 399 (77.6) 294 (79.0) 105 (73.9)  
    yes 115 (22.4) 78 (21.0) 37 (26.1)  
Osteoporosis     < 0.0001
    no 364 (70.8) 240 (64.5) 124 (87.3)  
    yes 150 (29.2) 132 (35.5) 18 (12.7)  
Psychiatric Diagnosis     0.9416
    no 368 (71.6) 266 (71.5) 102 (71.8)  
    yes 146 (28.4) 106 (28.5) 40 (28.2)  
No. of Chronic Conditions     0.9036
    0-2 127 (24.7) 90 (24.2) 37 (26.1)  
    3-5 249 (48.4) 181 (48.7) 68 (47.9)  
    6+ 138 (26.9) 101 (27.2) 37 (26.1)  
Bladder Incontinence     < 0.0001
    no 305 (61.0) 201 (55.7) 104 (74.8)  
    yes 195 (39.0) 160 (44.3) 35 (25.2)  
Pressure Ulcer     0.0177
    no 454 (88.3) 328 (88.2) 126 (88.7)  
    yes (any stage 1-4) 20 (3.9) 10 (2.7) 10 (7.0)  
    missing value 40 (7.8) 34 (9.1) 6 (4.2)  
Urinary Tract Infection     0.7902
    no 496 (96.5) 358 (96.2) 138 (97.2)  
    yes 18 (3.5) 14 (3.8) 4 (2.8)  
  1. a Frequency (%) unless otherwise indicated; btest for sex difference.