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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of participants in the Frailty subsample of the Hispanic EPESE (n = 1008) by frailty status.

From: Frailty and health related quality of life in older Mexican Americans

  Not Frail Prefrail Frail
  (n = 264) (n = 547) (n = 200)
  M (SD)/% M (SD)/% M (SD)/%
Sociodemographic Covariables    
   Age* 81.2 (4.0) 82.5 (4.6) 83.0 (5.0)
   Female 61.4 62.7 67
   Education* 5.1 (4.0) 5.3 (4.0) 4.5 (3.3)
   Married* 46 41 34
   Financial Strain (some or a great deal)* 37.8 42.5 30.5
Health-Related Covariables    
   Arthritis* 52 64 77
   Chronic Illnesses* 1.5 (1.1) 1.8 (1.2) 2.3 (1.3)
   BMI 26.8 (4.4) 27.6 (5.1) 27.4 (5.4)
Underweight* 1.3 0.4 4
Normal Weight 36.3 31.8 32
Overweight* 41.2 41.6 34
Obese 21.2 26.2 30
Health-Related Quality of Life (SF-36)    
   General Health Perception* 68.3 (17.3) 57.7 (20.4) 43.5 (20.9)
   Physical Function* 64.3 (27.7) 44.5 (30.5) 23.3 (24.2)
   Role: Physical* 80.6 (37.0) 54.0 (47.1) 31.4 (43.2)
   Pain* 77.2 (24.8) 64.1 (29.5) 49.7 (31.0)
   General Mental Health* 84.8 (14.9) 78.0 (19.6) 66.2 (21.4)
   Role: Emotional* 94.6 (20.9) 78.1 (40.2) 52.8 (48.3)
   Vitality* 72.9 (18.4) 60.6 (22.1) 44.6 (22.6)
   Social Function* 88.6 (20.7) 71.6 (30.5) 47.8 (33.8)
   Physical Component Scale* 44.1 (10.4) 36.2 (11.9) 29.1 (9.9)
   Mental Component Scale* 58.4 (6.3) 54.5 (10.7) 46.9 (12.7)
  1. *significantly different means or proportions by frailty status (p < 0.05) as determined by ANOVA and chi-square tests of independence