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Table 1 Baseline demographics and clinical data.

From: Validity and reliability of a new, short symptom rating scale in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation

   Sinus rhythm at 12 +- 3 days
  All Yes No
Patients, n 111 56 55
Age, years 67 ± 12 66 ± 11 67 ± 13
Weight, kg 86 ± 20 85 ± 17 86 ± 22
Length, cm 178 ± 9 177 ± 9 178 ± 10
BMI 27 ± 5 27 ± 5 27 ± 5
Male, n (%) 89 (80) 46 (82) 43 (78)
AF episode duration, months 5.8 ± 8.1 4.8 ± 5.4 6.9 ± 10.1
First episode of AF, n 36 20 16
Hypothyreosis, n 2 (2) 1 (2) 1 (2)
Hyperthyreosis, n 2 (2) 2 (4) 0
Hypertension, n 45 (41) 26 (46) 19 (35)
Angina pectoris, n 18 (16) 10 (18) 8 (15)
Previous myocardial infarction, n 17 (15) 7 (13) 10 (18)
Previous CABG, n 12 (11) 7 (13) 5 (9)
Previous PCI, n 9 (8) 3 (5) 6 (11)
Diabetes mellitus, n 13 (12 5 (9) 8 (15)
Heart failure, n 25 (23) 13 (23) 12 (22)
Dilated cardiomyopathy, n 11 (10) 6 (11) 5 (9)
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, n 3 (3) 3 (5) 0
Stroke, n 6 (5) 3 (5) 3 (5)
TIA, n 7 (6) 0 7 (13)
Venous thrombosis, n 1 (1) 1 (2) 0
Pulmonary embolism, n 1 (1) 1 (2) 0
Peripheral arterial embolism, n 1 (1) 1 (2) 0
  1. Mean ± SD, n, % within parenthesis. BMI = body mass index;
  2. CABG = coronary artery bypass surgery; PCI = percutaneous coronary intervention; TIA = transient ischemic attack.