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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of study subjects

From: Health-related quality of life of Southern Chinese with chronic hepatitis B infection

  Uncomplicated CHB (n = 156) Impaired LF (n = 102) Cirrhosis (n = 139) HCC (n = 123) Overall (n = 520) Population by-census and THS*
Age, yr (mean ± SD)‡ 46.8 ± 12.6 44.6 ± 12.9 52.8 ± 9.3 57.0 ± 10.6 50.4 ± 12.3 NA
Sex (%)†‡       
   Male 64.7 65.7 80.6 84.6 73.8 46.9
   Female 35.3 34.3 19.4 15.4 26.2 53.1
Education attainment (%)‡       
   Primary or below 24.4 16.7 26.6 37.4 26.5 25.4
   Other education levels 75.6 83.3 73.4 62.6 73.5 74.6
Marital status (%)†       
   Married 76.3 70.6 77.7 84.6 77.5 57.8
   Other marital status 23.7 29.4 22.3 15.4 22.5 42.2
Occupation (%)†       
   Administrative, managerial & professional 25.6 33.3 27.3 24.4 27.3 33.0
   Other occupations 74.4 66.7 72.7 75.6 72.7 67.0
Household income (HK$, %)†‡       
   <10000 28.8 26.5 47.5 46.3 37.5 27.9
   10000–19999 21.8 20.6 19.4 17.9 20.0 27.8
   20000–29999 25.6 14.7 10.1 11.4 16.0 17.4
   >30000 16.0 27.5 13.7 14.6 17.3 26.9
   Refused to answer 7.7 10.8 9.4 9.8 9.2 NA
Family history of HB or CLD (%)       
   No 45.5 37.3 50.4 51.2 46.5 NA
   Yes 54.5 62.7 49.6 48.8 53.5 NA
Smoking (%)†‡       
   Never smoker 69.2 68.6 62.6 55.3 64.0 78.9
   Former smoker 16.0 16.7 25.2 35.8 23.3 4.4
   Current smoker 14.7 14.7 12.2 8.9 12.7 16.7
Drinking (%)†‡       
   Never drinker 57.1 45.1 43.2 39.0 46.7 84.4
   Former drinker 12.8 23.5 41.0 43.1 29.6 4.9
   Current drinker 30.1 31.4 15.8 17.9 23.7 10.7
  1. CHB = Chronic Hepatitis B; LF = Liver Function; HCC = Hepatocellular Carcinoma; HB = Hepatitis B; CLD = Chronic Liver Disease; NA; Not applicable.
  2. *The 2006 Population by-census and Thematic Household Survey 2007 (Report No. 30) conducted by Census and Statistics Department, Hong Kong.
  3. † Significant difference between CHB patients (overall) and general population (p < 0.05).
  4. ‡ Significant difference among the four CHB patients groups (p < 0.05).