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Table 1 Unadjusted mean and standard deviation of PCS-12 and MCS-12 scores by characteristics of practices and patients (number of patients = 7606; number of practices = 96)

From: Quality of life of Australian chronically-ill adults: patient and practice characteristics matter

Variable (definition) Responses PCS-12 MCS-12
  No. % Mean
(SD)
P-value Mean
(SD)
P-value
Characteristics of practices       
   1–3 general practitioners 3970 52.2 41.8 (11.7) < 0.001 48.8 (11.4) 0.016
   4 or more general practitioners 3636 47.8 43.0 (11.9)   49.4 (10.8)  
Location of practice:       
   Urban 4468 60.1 42.8 (11.8) 0.001 49.0 (11.0) 0.698
   Rural 3038 39.9 41.8 (11.9)   49.2 (11.2)  
Characteristics of patients       
Gender:       
   Male 3474 46.8 42.7(11.6) 0.16 49.8(10.9) < 0.001
   Female 3944 53.2 42.3(12.0)   48.5(11.3)  
Age (years):       
   18–39 Yrs 749 10.1 50.4(9.3) < 0.001 45.0(11.7) < 0.001
   40–59 Yrs 2538 34.3 44.7(11.4)   47.3(11.3)  
   >59 yrs 4115 55.6 39.5(11.5)   51.0(10.5)  
Health status       
   Good 4027 54.4 48.2 (8.9) < 0.001 52.8 (8.9) < 0.001
   Poor 3382 45.6 35.5 (11.2)   44.6 (11.9)  
Home ownership       
   Owner-occupied 5899 79.8 43.0 (11.7) < 0.001 49.9 (10.7) < 0.001
   Rented 1496 20.2 40.4 (12.2)   46.0 (12.1)  
Education       
   Degree/Diploma 2208 30.1 45.8 (11.2) < 0.001 48.7 (11.1) 0.071
   Elementary/High School 5138 69.9 41.0 (11.8)   49.3 (11.1)  
Employment       
   Employed 2536 34.3 48.4 (9.2) < 0.001 49.3 (10.2) < 0.001
   Retired 2935 39.7 39.9 (11.3)   51.4 (10.3)  
   Unemployed (looking for work/full-time education/looking after family/unable to work due to sickness or disability) 1923 26.0 38.3 (12.5)   45.3 (12.4)  
Marital status       
   Married (married/cohabiting) 5206 70.3 43.1 (11.6) < 0.001 49.7 (10.8) < 0.001
   Unmarried (single/separated/divorced/widowed) 2200 29.7 41.0 (12.3)   47.6 (11.8)  
Country of birth       
   Born in Australia 5474 74.6 42.6 (11.8) 0.008 49.2 (11.0) 0.001
   Born in USA/UK/Canada/New Zealand 1001 13.7 42.8 (12.0)   49.6 (11.2)  
   Born in non-English-speaking countries 858 11.7 41.3 (11.4)   47.8 (11.7)  
Disease       
   Diabetes 1043 13.7 42.7 (10.9) < 0.001 50.2 (10.4) < 0.001
   Ischaemic heart disease/hypertension 1404 18.5 40.5 (11.5)   49.3 (10.7)  
   Asthma 792 10.4 42.8 (11.7)   47.7 (11.0)  
   Two or more conditions 1497 19.7 36.1 (11.3)   47.3 (12.2)  
   Disease unknown 2870 37.7 46.4 (11.0)   49.9 (10.8)  
Overall satisfaction with care       
   High 2713 36.6 41.6 (12.3) < 0.001 50.4 (11.3) < 0.001
   Low 4701 63.4 42.9 (11.5)   48.3 (11.0).  
  1. Notes:
  2. Unknowns were: Gender = 188, Age = 204, Health Status = 197, Home ownership = 211, Education = 260, Employment = 212, Marital status = 200, Country of birth = 273 and overall satisfaction = 192.
  3. P-values are for comparison of component scores for categories of each characteristics using analysis of variance.
  4. Patient characteristics were collected independently using GPAS22 for the same respondents.