Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Regression analysis of demographics, clinical characteristics, and health status on QOLS and its sub-dimensions (transformed to Z-scores).

From: Is global quality of life reduced before fracture in patients with low-energy wrist or hip fracture? A comparison with matched controls

  Quality of life scale Relationship and marital well-being Health and functioning Personal, social, and community commitment
  Adjusted B 95% CI p value Adjusted B 95% CI p value Adjusted B 95% CI p value Adjusted B 95% CI p value
Demographic             
Age* 0.14 (0.06, 0.23) 0.001 0.14 (0.04, 0.24) 0.008 0.12 (0.04, 0.20) 0.002 0.10 (0.00, 0.21) 0.051
Sex 0.30 (0.09, 0.51) 0.005 0.21 (-0.04, 0.45) 0.093 0.21 (0.02, 0.41) 0.028 0.31 (0.05, 0.56) 0.019
Education             
< 10 yr             
11–13 yr 0.20 (0.03, 0.37) 0.021 0.18 (-0.02, 0.38) 0.075 0.19 (0.04, 0.34) 0.014 0.13 (-0.08, 0.33) 0.230
> 13 yr 0.13 (-0.07, 0.32) 0.211 0.07 (-0.17, 0.30) 0.566 0.11 (-0.08, 0.29) 0.251 0.13 (-0.12, 0.37) 0.308
Marital status -0.16 (-0.32, -0.003) 0.045 -0.35 (-0.53, -0.16) < 0.001 -0.12 (-0.26, 0.03) 0.113 -0.003 (-0.20, 0.19) 0.975
Clinical             
Wrist fracture -0.15 (-0.31, 0.02) 0.077 -0.05 (-0.24, 0.14) 0.592 -0.10 (-0.25, 0.05) 0.178 -0.17 (-0.37, 0.03) 0.099
Hip fracture -0.37 (-0.59, -0.15) 0.001 -0.41 (-0.67, -0.16) 0.002 -0.33 (-0.53, -0.14) 0.001 -0.23 (-0.49, 0.04) 0.096
Osteoporosis** 0.003 (-0.17, 0.18) 0.975 0.02 (-0.19, 0.22) 0.872 0.04 (-0.12, 0.19) 0.635 0.004 (-0.21, 0.22) 0.967
≥ 1 fall in the last year 0.01 (-0.14, 0.16) 0.908 0.10 (-0.08, 0.27) 0.275 0.04 (-0.09, 0.18) 0.542 -0.09 (-0.27, 0.09) 0.342
Health-focused QOL             
ZPCS*** 0.38 (0.30, 0.45) < 0.001 0.22 (0.13, 0.31) < 0.001 0.48 (0.41, 0.55) < 0.001 0.25 (0.16, 0.35) < 0.001
ZMCS*** 0.51 (0.44, 0.59) < 0.001 0.45 (0.37, 0.54) < 0.001 0.49 (0.42, 0.56) < 0.001 0.39 (0.30, 0.47) < 0.001
R 2 adjusted 51.4%    35.2%    59.3%    24.9%   
  1. Adjusted unstandardized regression coefficients, 95% CI, p values, and multiple R2 for the full model.
  2. P-values marked with bold indicate statistically significant p-values.
  3. * Age in decades.
  4. ** Osteoporosis at total hip and/or spine L2–L4.
  5. *** ZPCS, physical component summary transformed to Z-score; ZMCS, mental component summary transformed to Z-score.